Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Letter to the Editor
Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 397059, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/397059
Research Article

Prevalence of Hyponatremia in Femur Neck Fractures: A One-Year Survey in an Urban Emergency Department

1Emergency Department, Academic Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy
3Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, Academic Hospital of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy

Received 18 June 2014; Revised 26 August 2014; Accepted 2 September 2014; Published 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: Hiroshi Hashizume

Copyright © 2014 Gianfranco Cervellin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. E. Morley, “Is it possible to prevent injurious falls?” European Geriatric Medicine, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 75–77, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. World Health Organization, “Falls. Fact sheet N° 344,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs344/en/index.html.
  3. M. E. Tinetti, M. Speechley, and S. F. Ginter, “Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 319, no. 26, pp. 1701–1707, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. E. Tinetti, W.-L. Liu, and S. F. Ginter, “Mechanical restraint use and fall-related injuries among residents of skilled nursing facilities,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 116, no. 5, pp. 369–374, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Iosa, A. Fusco, G. Morone, and S. Paolucci, “Development and decline of upright gait stability,” Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, vol. 6, pp. 1–12, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. Szczerbińska and R. Topór-Mądry, “Association between central nervous system drugs and recurrent falling based on prospective falls registration in nursing homes,” European Geriatric Medicine, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 82–86, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. E. Tinetti, L. Han, D. S. H. Lee et al., “Antihypertensive medications and serious fall injuries in a nationally representative sample of older adults,” JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 174, no. 4, pp. 588–595, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. P. Carriero and C. Christmas, “Hip fracture,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 155, no. 11, pp. ITC6-1–ITC6-15, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  9. E. L. Hannan, J. Magaziner, J. J. Wang et al., “Mortality and locomotion 6 months after hospitalization for hip fracture risk factors and risk-adjusted hospital outcomes,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 285, no. 21, pp. 2736–2742, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Miller, “Hyponatremia and arginine vasopressin dysregulation: mechanisms, clinical consequences, and management,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 345–353, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Boscoe, C. Paramore, and J. G. Verbalis, “Cost of illness of hyponatremia in the United States,” Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, vol. 4, article 10, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. H. Ellison and T. Berl, “The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356, no. 20, pp. 2064–2072, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. J. Adrogué and N. E. Madias, “Hyponatremia,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 342, no. 21, pp. 1581–1589, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Renneboog, W. Musch, X. Vandemergel, M. U. Manto, and G. Decaux, “Mild chronic hyponatremia is associated with falls, unsteadiness, and attention deficits,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 71.e1–71.e8, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. J. Hoorn, F. Rivadeneira, J. B. J. van Meurs et al., “Mild hyponatremia as a risk factor for fractures: the rotterdam study,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1822–1828, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. S. Sandhu, E. Gilles, M. V. DeVita, G. Panagopoulos, and M. F. Michelis, “Hyponatremia associated with large-bone fracture in elderly patients,” International Urology and Nephrology, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 733–737, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. Gankam Kengne, C. Andres, L. Sattar, C. Melot, and G. Decaux, “Mild hyponatremia and risk of fracture in the ambulatory elderly,” QJM, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 583–588, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Tolouian, T. Alhamad, M. Farazmand, and Z. D. Mulla, “The correlation of hip fracture and hyponatremia in the elderly,” Journal of Nephrology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 789–793, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. Lippi, M. Dipalo, R. Musa et al., “Evaluation of the analytical performances of the novel Beckman Coulter AU5800,” Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 502–504, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Ricós, V. Alvarez, F. Cava et al., “Current databases on biological variation: pros, cons and progress,” Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 491–500, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. G. Copay, B. R. Subach, S. D. Glassman, D. W. Polly Jr., and T. C. Schuler, “Understanding the minimum clinically important difference: a review of concepts and methods,” Spine Journal, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 541–546, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. A. Kanis, “on behalf of the World Health Organization Scientific Group. Assessment of osteoporosis at the primary healthcare level,” Technical Report, WHO Collaborating Centre, University of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK, 2008, http://www.shef.ac.uk/ FRAX/index.htm. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. A. Kanis, D. Hans, C. Cooper et al., “Interpretation and use of FRAX in clinical practice,” Osteoporosis International, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 2395–2411, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Bonnerup Vind, H. E. Andersen, K. D. Pedersen, T. Joergensen, and P. Schwarz, “Who will fall again? Predictors of further falls in one year following an injurious fall,” European Geriatric Medicine, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 145–149, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. R. Nyman and C. R. Victor, “Older people's participation and engagement in falls prevention interventions: comparing rates and settings,” European Geriatric Medicine, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 18–20, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. G. Verbalis, J. Barsony, Y. Sugimura et al., “Hyponatremia-induced osteoporosis,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 554–563, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. C. Ayus and M. L. Moritz, “Bone disease as a new complication of hyponatremia: moving beyond brain injury,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 167–168, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Vaidya, W. Ho, and B. J. Freda, “Management of hyponatremia: providing treatment and avoiding harm,” Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. 715–726, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. A. Gross, A. Wagner, and G. Decaux, “Vaptans are not the mainstay of treatment in hyponatremia: perhaps not yet,” Kidney International, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 594–600, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. Cumming, G. E. Hoyle, J. D. Hutchison, and R. L. Soiza, “Prevalence, incidence and etiology of hyponatremia in elderly patients with fragility fractures,” PLoS ONE, no. 9, Article ID e88272, 2014. View at Google Scholar