Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1609067, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1609067
Clinical Study

Healing of the Acutely Injured Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Functional Treatment with the ACL-Jack, a Dynamic Posterior Drawer Brace

1Orthopädie Rosenberg, Rosenbergstrasse 150, St. Gallen, Switzerland
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, HFR Hôpital Cantonal, Fribourg, Switzerland
3Private Clinic Hansa Graz, Körblergasse 42, 8010 Graz, Austria
4Schulthess Klinik, Lengghalde 2, Zürich, Switzerland
5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sports Health and Performance Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
6En Chambaz, Môtier, Switzerland

Received 7 September 2016; Accepted 11 October 2016

Academic Editor: Elizaveta Kon

Copyright © 2016 Matthias Jacobi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. M. Daniel, M. L. Stone, B. E. Dobson, D. C. Fithian, D. J. Rossman, and K. R. Kaufman, “Fate of the ACL-injured patient. A prospective outcome study,” The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 632–644, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Kurosaka, S. Yoshiya, T. Mizuno, and K. Mizuno, “Spontaneous healing of a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament: a report of two cases,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 80, no. 8, pp. 1200–1203, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. D. Murawski, C. F. Van Eck, J. J. Irrgang, S. Tashman, and F. H. Fu, “Operative treatment of primary anterior cruciate ligament rupture in adults,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery—American, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 685–694, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Vavken and M. M. Murray, “The potential for primary repair of the ACL,” Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 44–49, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. M. Murray, “Current status and potential of primary ACL repair,” Clinics in Sports Medicine, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 51–61, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. M. Murray, K. P. Spindler, P. Ballard, T. P. Welch, D. Zurakowski, and L. B. Nanney, “Enhanced histologic repair in a central wound in the anterior cruciate ligament with a collagen-platelet-rich plasma scaffold,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1007–1017, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. M. Daniel, M. L. Stone, R. Sachs, and L. Malcom, “Instrumented measurement of anterior knee laxity in patients with acute anterior cruciate ligament disruption,” The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 401–407, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Zantop, W. Petersen, J. K. Sekiya, V. Musahl, and F. H. Fu, “Anterior cruciate ligament anatomy and function relating to anatomical reconstruction,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 982–992, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. P. Arnoczky, “Blood supply to the anterior cruciate ligament and supporting structures,” Orthopedic Clinics of North America, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 15–28, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. D. Smith, R. F. LaPrade, K. S. Jansson, A. Årøen, and C. A. Wijdicks, “Functional bracing of ACL injuries: current state and future directions,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1131–1141, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. A. Feagin Jr. and W. W. Curl, “Isolated tear of the anterior cruciate ligament: 5 year follow up study,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 95–100, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. E. Cabaud, W. G. Rodkey, and J. A. Feagin, “Experimental studies of acute anterior cruciate ligament injury and repair,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 18–22, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. H. O'DONOGHUE, “A method for replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee,” The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 45, pp. 905–924, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Sandberg, B. Balkfors, B. Nilsson, and N. Westlin, “Operative versus non-operative treatment of recent injuries to the ligaments of the knee. A prospective randomized study,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 1120–1126, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. R. Swirtun, A. Jansson, and P. Renström, “The effects of a functional knee brace during early treatment of patients with a nonoperated acute anterior cruciate ligament tear: a prospective randomized study,” Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 299–304, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Beck, D. Drez Jr., J. Young, W. D. Cannon Jr., and M. L. Stone, “Instrumented testing of functional knee braces,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 253–256, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. Fujimoto, Y. Sumen, M. Ochi, and Y. Ikuta, “Spontaneous healing of acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries—conservative treatment using an extension block soft brace without anterior stabilization,” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol. 122, no. 4, pp. 212–216, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Eggli, H. Kohlhof, M. Zumstein et al., “Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization: novel technique for preserving the ruptured ACL,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 23, pp. 1215–1221, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Eggli, C. Röder, G. Perler, and P. Henle, “Five year results of the first ten ACL patients treated with dynamic intraligamentary stabilisation,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 17, no. 1, article 105, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Kohl, D. S. Evangelopoulos, S. S. Ahmad et al., “A novel technique, dynamic intraligamentary stabilization creates optimal conditions for primary ACL healing: a preliminary biomechanical study,” Knee, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 477–480, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Kohl, D. S. Evangelopoulos, H. Kohlhof et al., “Anterior crucial ligament rupture: self-healing through dynamic intraligamentary stabilization technique,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 599–605, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Kohl, A. Stock, S. S. Ahmad et al., “Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization and primary repair: a new concept for the treatment of knee dislocation,” Injury, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 724–728, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Jacobi, N. Reischl, P. Wahl, E. Gautier, and R. P. Jakob, “Acute isolated injury of the posterior cruciate ligament treated by a dynamic anterior drawer brace: a preliminary report,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—British Volume, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 1381–1384, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Petek, R. P. Jakob, and E. Gautier, “Mechanical characteristics of the PCL-brace for functional rehabilitation after PCL surgery,” in Proceedings of the 62nd Annual Congress Swiss Orthopaedic Association, Basel, Switzerland, 2003.
  25. J. Lysholm and J. Gillquist, “Evaluation of knee ligament surgery results with special emphasis on use of a scoring scale,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 150–154, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Tegner and J. Lysholm, “Rating systems in the evaluation of knee ligament injuries,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 198, pp. 43–49, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Hefti, W. Müller, R. P. Jakob, and H.-U. Stäubli, “Evaluation of knee ligament injuries with the IKDC form,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 1, no. 3-4, pp. 226–234, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus