Table 1: Characteristics of participants.


Age (years)Patient group48.29.4.721
Healthy controls47.49.5
Height (cm)Patient group175.110.8.898
Healthy controls175.410.1
Weight (kg)Patient group87.415.0.014
Healthy controls79.312.6
BMI (kg/m2)Patient group28.54.5.002
Healthy controls25.72.9

Comparison between patient group and healthy controls: mean, standard deviation (SD), and p value were illustrated for age, height, weight, and BMI.
Significance on the level of p ≤ .05.
Significance on the level of p ≤ .01.