Research Article

The Biological Effects of Combining Metals in a Posterior Spinal Implant: In Vivo Model Development Report of the First Two Cases

Table 1

Surgical parameters.


Levels instrumentedT12, T13, L1, L2, L3L1, L2, L3, L4, L5
Length of surgery 125 min.140 min.
Weight gain26%48%
Length increase6%19%
Implants in place12 months12 months
Blood loss10 cc<20 cc