Table of Contents
Advances in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 814156, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/814156
Clinical Study

Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of a Commercially Pure Cancellous-Structured Titanium Press Fit Total Hip Prosthetic Stem: Ten-Year Followup of the “Natural Hip” Femoral Stem

1Greenville Health System Department of Orthopaedics, 701 Grove Road, Greenville, SC 29605, USA
2University of South Carolina SOM, Greenville Health System, P.O. Box 27114, Greenville, SC 29616, USA
3Blue Ridge Bone and Joint, 129 McDowell Street, Asheville, NC 28801, USA

Received 8 October 2013; Revised 20 November 2013; Accepted 21 November 2013; Published 27 January 2014

Academic Editor: Neal L. Millar

Copyright © 2014 Thomas B. Pace et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study evaluates the outcomes of 92 hip arthroplasties using a press fit, tapered, split tip, proximally porous ingrowth (CSTi) femoral stem (Zimmer Natural Hip) in consecutive hip arthroplasty patients followed for an average of ten years postoperatively (range 5–16 years). Patients were functionally and radiographically evaluated using Harris Hip Scores and plain radiographs assessing postarthroplasty groin or thigh pain and radiographic signs of stem subsidence, proximal femoral fixation, stress shielding, and related calcar resorption. At followup of 5–10 years, the incidence of groin pain and thigh pain was 9.1% and 3.6%, respectively. This incidence improved over time. Beyond 10 years of followup, groin pain was 2.7% and thigh pain zero. In 89% of cases, there was solid contact between the calcar and the undersurface of the stem collar. Five cases were revised for instability (5.4%). The Harris Hip Scores and the incidence of thigh or groin pain were very favorable compared to other reported press fit total hip arthroplasty stems and not significantly different across a broad age range. There were no cases of stem loosening of failure of bony ingrowth into the stem.