Table 1: History of IR detectors.

1800IR radiation Sir W. Herschel
1821Thermoelectric effect Seebeck
1829Thermocouple G. Nobili
1833Thermopile Macedonio Melloni
1836Optical pyrometer Becquerel
1873Photo-detection (Selenium) Smith
1884IR radiation law Boltzmann
1902Photoconductivity effect Bose
1917Lead sulphide Case
1933Lead sulphide (galena) Kutzsher
1940TI2S Cashman
1942Golay cell Golay—Queen Mary College
1948Transistor Bardeen-Brattain-Shockley
1950sPbS, PbSe, PbTe T. Moss RRSE
1959HgCdTe W. Lawson, J. Putley
1960sGe: X, InSb
1969CCD Boyle-Smith (Bell Labs)
1970sPbSnTe/HgCdTe, Si: X Lincoln Labs, SBRCHughes, Honeywell, Rockwell, Mullard
1973Common modules Night vision Lab
1975IR Fly Eye Smart Sensors: C. Corsi, Elettronica SpA
1978Si: X/CCD/PtSi/CCDHgCdTe/CCD RCA Princeton Lab W. F. Kosonocky, F. Shepherd D. Barbee-F. Milton-J. Steckel
1980sHgCdTe SPRITE InGaAs QWIP T. Elliott RSE, F. Capasso L. Esaki, B. FLevine, M. Razeghi, L. J. Kozlowski
1990sPyroelectric FPAs/MicroBolometer FPAs/Multi-colour FPAs/Advanced FPAs RRSE-BAE,. R. A. Wood, J. L. Tissot, P. R. Norton, A. Rogalski, H. Zogg S. D. Gunapala, D. Z. Ting
2000MEMS FPAs—Cantilever IR Nanotubes/Nanowires B. Coole, S. R. Hunter, X. Zhang, J. M. Xu, S. Huang, Y. Zhao, J. Xu, Maurer, G. Jiang, D. J. Zook