Advances in Physical Chemistry

Advances in Physical Chemistry / 2007 / Article

Research Letter | Open Access

Volume 2007 |Article ID 032528 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/32528

C. O'Dwyer, V. Lavayen, M. A. Santa Ana, E. Benavente, G. González, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, "Anisotropic Vanadium Oxide Nanostructured Host Matrices for Lithium Ion Intercalation", Advances in Physical Chemistry, vol. 2007, Article ID 032528, 5 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/32528

Anisotropic Vanadium Oxide Nanostructured Host Matrices for Lithium Ion Intercalation

Academic Editor: David L. Andrews
Received26 Jun 2007
Accepted06 Aug 2007
Published28 Aug 2007

Abstract

We report on unique high-volume low-dimensional V2O5-based turbostratic nanostructures, prepared using sol-gel synthetic methods from V2O5nH2O xerogels. Electrochemical intercalation of Li+ to form Li0.65V2O5 resulted in a maximum measured charge capacity of 1225 mAh g1 as the β-LixV2O5 phase. Conductivities of the order of 10−3 S cm−1 were found on compressed-nanotube parallelepipedal samples, which exhibit an anisotropy factor of 70 at room temperature by preferential alignment of the nanotubes. The improved electrochemical properties observed in novel vanadium oxide nanostructured arrays are attributed to the increased volumetric density for ion intercalation, shorter diffusion paths to the intercalation sites, and a high degree of crystallinity of the individual nanotubular host structures.

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Copyright © 2007 C. O'Dwyer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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