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ElectroComponent Science and Technology
Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 209-214

Analysis of Thin Film Fire Sensors

Technical University, Budapest, Hungary

Received 1 November 1982; Accepted 6 June 1983

Copyright © 1984 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The detection of fire in mines, industrial buildings, ships etc. is an important problem from both the economical and life-protecting aspects. The fire could be detected in several ways, e.g. by the measurement of flame-radiation, heat, pressure, temperature, the aerosols, the gases etc.

The Department of Electronic Technology has developed a fire sensor which detects the rate of the increase of temperature. The fire sensor consists of two temperature sensitive resistors with different time-constants. If the increase of temperature in consequence of the fire is fast, the difference between the resistance of the temperature sensors is high, while a slow change in temperature causes only small differences. By connecting the temperature sensitive sensors into a bridge, the resistance difference can be easily detected.

The temperature sensitive resistors are realized by thin film technology using platinum or nickel film on a thin glass or ceramic substrate. Because of the large surface and small volume of the resistor, its time-constant originally is very low but the time-constant could be easily increased by increasing the volume of the resistor. The present paper gives a detailed description of the analysis and the measurement of the temperature sensitive resistors with different time-constants. The technology of the films is also discussed.