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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 17 (1994), Issue 3, Pages 157-161

Vector Kirchhoff Analysis for The Study of Rectangular Microstrip Antennas Immersed in a Plasma

Centre for Applied Research in Electronics, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India

Received 23 April 1994; Accepted 11 May 1994

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The radiation properties of a microstrip antenna immersed in an ionized medium have since been studied using potential function technique and linearized hydrodynamic theory. In the present paper, Vector Kirchhoff AnalySis has been used for the study of rectangular microstrip antenna immersed in a plasma media. Expressions for radiated far fields have been obtained using this analysis. The analysis is mathematically precise and is used by reasonably approximating the actual aperture field distributions. The effect of ion sheath in the vicinity of a rectangular microstrip antenna is also discussed.