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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 16 (1994), Issue 3-4, Pages 145-152

The New Phenomenon of Lithium Electrochemical (De)Intercalation in Mineral Clay Materials and Their Potential Application in Rechargeable Batteries

The Guelph-Waterloo Centre for Graduate Work in Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo N2L 3GI, Ontario, Canada

Received 17 November 1993; Accepted 4 January 1994

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new phenomenon of Li electrochemical (de)intercalation on the pure mineral clay materials has been evidenced for the first time. These tests are initialized by the idea of putting an electronic conducting polymer or a multi-valent metal oxide in the layer of the clay to modify the electronic properties and also to modulate the charge and discharge potential of the clay during the Lithium electrochemical (de)intercalation processing. In this paper, as the beginning of our research, we will first show the results of Lithium electrochemical charge and discharge processes on pure clay materials.