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Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 31-37

TiO2–Polymer Nano–Composites by Sol–Gel

1Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineering, The University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta T6G-2G6, Canada
2Laboratoire de Chimie du Solide du CNRS, Université Bordeaux I, 351 cours de la Libération, Talence Cédex 33405, France
3Institut de Chemie de la Matièra Condensée de Bordeaux, CNRS, Université Bordeaux I, Chateau Brivazac, Ave du Dr. A. Schweitzer, Pessac 33600, France

Received 20 November 1994; Accepted 30 November 1994

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sol-gel processes make it possible to develop new hybrid electrolyte materials of the type ceramic-polymer, known as Nano-Crystallite-Insertion-Material (NCIM). They can be used in reversible alkali electrochemical cells after insertion with cations such as Li+. In the present study, TiO2-polyethylene oxide hybrid materials were synthesized from TiCl4 and from Ti ethoxide. Their structure is analyzed in relation with the processing parameters. A primary evaluation of the nanoscale composite materials for reversible Li insertion was performed.