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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 20, Issue 4, Pages 241-248

Versatile Active Biquad Using FTFNs

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Box 203, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

Received 7 July 1997; Accepted 3 November 1997

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A universal active biquad using the four-terminal floating nullors (FTFNs) is presented. The propsed circuit uses two FTFNs, three capacitors and two resistors. The proposed circuit has three input voltages and can simultaneously provide a high-impedance output current and/or an output voltage. Without changing the circuit topology, the output voltage can realise lowpass, highpass, bandpass, notch and allpass transfer functions and the output current can realise bandpass and highpass transfer functions. The proposed circuit enjoys low active and passive sensitivities and independent control of the parameters ωo and ω0/Q0.