Table 2: Comparison of presented emulator with other published studies.

EmulatorsEmployed circuit elementsFloating/grounded typeOperating frequency rangeMemristance or memductance variation rangeIncremental/decremental type

[17]1 CFA, 1 multiplier, 1 capacitor, 1 resistor, and 2 DC voltage sourcesGrounded16 Hz–860 kHz/Both

[19]1 multiplier, 5 OAs, 1 JFET, 1 capacitor, and 9 resistorsGrounded/NarrowIncremental

[21, 22]1 multiplier, 5 OAs, 10 MOSs, 1 capacitor, and 8 resistorsGrounded100 Hz–800 Hz4.5 kΩ < < 16 kΩBoth

[23]1 multiplier, 6 OAs, 1 CCII, 10 MOSs, 1 capacitor, 10 resistors, 1 diodeFloating5 Hz–100 Hz4.5 kΩ < < 16 kΩBoth

[24]1 multiplier, 5 CFOAs, 1 capacitor, and 5 resistorsFloating16 Hz–14 kHz/Incremental

[26]1 multiplier, 2 CFOAs, 1 capacitor, and 4 resistorsGrounded16 Hz–160 kHz/Both

[27]3 OAs, 1 LDR, 1 capacitor, and 11 resistorsGrounded/500 Ω < < 1 kΩIncremental

[28]1 digital potentiometer, 1 ADC, and 1 microcontrollerGrounded0.2 Hz–50 Hz50 Ω < < 10 kΩIncremental

[29]3 CFOAs, 2 capacitors, 1 diode, and 4 resistorsGrounded/Binary state levels/

[30]2 CFOAs, 1 OTA, 2 capacitors, and 3 resistorsGrounded//Incremental

[31]4 CFOAs, 4 capacitors, 2 resistors, and 2 potentiometersFloating/Binary state levels/

[32]4 CCIIs, 3 OTAs, 5 resistors, 1 capacitor, and 1 DC voltage sourceFloating/Decremental

Presented2 CFOAs, 2 multipliers, 2 capacitors, and 3 resistorsFloating10 Hz–35 kHzBoth