Advances in Public Health / 2014 / Article / Tab 12

Review Article

The Challenges Confronting Public Hospitals in India, Their Origins, and Possible Solutions

Table 12

Rural urban inequities in public health expenditure of selected states for the year 2002-03.

State/Type of expenditureMedical care*Public healthFamily welfare#MCHCapital**TotalRural/Urban population

MaharashtraRural5.71%60%49.97%60%0.78%32.51%66.57%
Urban94.29%40%50.03%40%99.2%67.49%42.43%
MizoramRural51.9%51%63.87%51%100%55.68%50.47%
Urban48.1%49%36.13%49%0.00%44.32%49.53%
OrissaRural46.89%80%90.20%80%53.4%58.89%85.01%
Urban53.11%20%09.80%20%46.5%41.11%14.99%
PunjabRural42.47%66%65.46%00.0045.00%66.08%
Urban57.53%34%34.54%0100%54.60%33.92%
Tamil NaduRural 18.96%54%73.07%54%75.0%35.01%55.96%
Urban81.04%44%26.49%44%24.7%64.66%44.04%
Madhya PradeshRural39.47%73%72.80%73%90.6%50.03%73.54%
Urban60.53%27%27.17%27%9.34%49.96%26.46%

Source: CEHAT, 2006 [10]. *Including health services both allopathy and other system of medicines, minor head includes ESIS, medical education department drug manufacture; #excluding MCH Program; **including capital expenditure of medical, public health, and family welfare. Proportions of rural and urban population are taken from CBHI, 2005 [11]. Note: demarcation for the rural and urban health budget was done from finance accounts 2002-03 for respective states. For about two-thirds of the expenditure, there is a clear rural-urban indication in the budget; for the rest, CEHAT used their functional knowledge of program implementation to allocate proportions to rural and urban areas.

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