Table 12: Rural urban inequities in public health expenditure of selected states for the year 2002-03.

State/Type of expenditureMedical care*Public healthFamily welfare#MCHCapital**TotalRural/Urban population

MaharashtraRural5.71%60%49.97%60%0.78%32.51%66.57%
Urban94.29%40%50.03%40%99.2%67.49%42.43%
MizoramRural51.9%51%63.87%51%100%55.68%50.47%
Urban48.1%49%36.13%49%0.00%44.32%49.53%
OrissaRural46.89%80%90.20%80%53.4%58.89%85.01%
Urban53.11%20%09.80%20%46.5%41.11%14.99%
PunjabRural42.47%66%65.46%00.0045.00%66.08%
Urban57.53%34%34.54%0100%54.60%33.92%
Tamil NaduRural 18.96%54%73.07%54%75.0%35.01%55.96%
Urban81.04%44%26.49%44%24.7%64.66%44.04%
Madhya PradeshRural39.47%73%72.80%73%90.6%50.03%73.54%
Urban60.53%27%27.17%27%9.34%49.96%26.46%

Source: CEHAT, 2006 [10]. *Including health services both allopathy and other system of medicines, minor head includes ESIS, medical education department drug manufacture; #excluding MCH Program; **including capital expenditure of medical, public health, and family welfare. Proportions of rural and urban population are taken from CBHI, 2005 [11]. Note: demarcation for the rural and urban health budget was done from finance accounts 2002-03 for respective states. For about two-thirds of the expenditure, there is a clear rural-urban indication in the budget; for the rest, CEHAT used their functional knowledge of program implementation to allocate proportions to rural and urban areas.