Advances in Public Health / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Early Initiation of Antenatal Care and Factors Associated with Early Antenatal Care Initiation at Health Facilities in Southern Ethiopia

Table 4

Association of factors with timely booking of first ANC, Shebedino district in 2015.

Variables Time at first ANC visitCrude OR [CI]Adjusted OR [CI]
Booked earlyBooked late

Age of mother
 Age ≥ 25 61 [19.48%] 252 [80.52%] 1.00 1.00 
 Age < 2571 [24.06%]224 [75.94%]1.390 [0.93, 2.46]0.88 [0.36, 2.15]
Place of residence
 Urban 13 [20.63%] 50 [79.36%] 0.93 [0.56, 2.04] 0.57 [0.20, 1.61] 
 Rural119 [21.71%]426 [78.29%]1.001.00
Media access
 Had radio/TV 81 [26.04%] 230 [73.96%] 1.69 [1.02, 2.20] 2.11
 Had no radio/TV51 [17.17%]246 [82.83%]1.00 1.00
Educational level of mother
 Primary and below 109 [23.42%] 399 [76.58%] 1.00 1.00 
 Secondary and above23 [23.00%]77 [77.00%]1.08 [0.63, 1.53]1.64 [0.55, 4.89]
Educational level of husband
 Primary and below 98 [22.95%] 329 [77.05%] 1.00 1.00 
 Secondary and above34 [18.78%]147 [81.22%]0.78 [0.49, 1.11]0.41 [0.17, 1.00]
Occupation of mother
 Employed 10 [21.27%] 37 [78.73%] 0.97 [0.47, 1.47] 0.62 [0.18, 1.19] 
 Unemployed122 [21.74%]439 [78.26%]1.001.00
Gravity
 Prim gravid 48 [28.23%] 122 [71.77%] 1.65 [1.10,2.19] 1.04
 Two and above84 [19.19%]354 [80.81%]1.001.00
Parity of mother
 No parity 48 [18.32%] 214 [81.68%] 1.00 1.00 
 Parity one and above84 [24.27%]262 [75.73%]1.42 [0.95, 1.89]0.14 [0.006, 3.46]
Perception on time of ANC initiation
 Perceived at and before 12 weeks 102 [53.96%] 87 [46.04%] 20.14 [12.81, 27.47] 4.49
 Perceived after 12 weeks22 [5.50%]378 [94.50%]1.001.00
Plan of pregnancy by mother
 Planned 102 [21.29%] 377 [78.71%] 0.89 [0.70, 1.08] 0.72 [0.26, 1.34] 
 Unplanned30 [23.25%]99 [76.75%]1.001.00
Plan of pregnancy by husband
 Planned 109 [21.00%] 410 [79.00%] 0.76 [0.45, 1.07] 0.30
 Unplanned23 [25.84%]66 [74.16%]1.001.00
Advised when to start first ANC
 Advised to book before and at 3 months of gestation 93 [55.35%] 75 [44.65%] 17.80 [11.21, 24.39] 4.14
 Advised to book after 3 months of gestation19 [6.52%]272 [93.48%]1.001.00
Past experience of timing
 Book before and at 3 months of gestation 55 [31.97%] 117 [68.03%] 1.65 [1.10, 2.20] 2.50
 Book after 3 months of gestation19 [8.52%]204 [91.48%]1.001.00

Note. Significant at and .

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.