Advances in Public Health / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Time Interval for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Related Expenditure in Selected Health Centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Table 2

Health seeking behaviour and knowledge on TB of the study participants ().

CharacteristicsFrequencyPercent

What do you usually do when you feel sick?
 Visit health facility17366.5%
 Self-treatment5721.9%
 Other/do nothing3011.5%

Who influenced the decision about where to go for help?
 Self19374.2
 Family members4517.3
 Friend/neighbours228.5

Heard of a disease known as TB?
 Yes22486.2
 No3613.8

What are the symptoms of TB?
 Cough22098.2
 Weakness11149.6
 Sputum9642.9
 Weight loss9442.0
 Fever9442.0
 Haemoptysis6729.9

How is TB transmitted?
 Through breathing21897.3
 Other31.3
 Do not know31.3

Is TB a curable disease
 Yes22098.2
 No41.8

Cost of treatment for taking anti-TB drugs?
 Free12756.9
 Expensive4720.8
 Cheap2210.0
 I do not know2812.3

Type of facility visited first for current illness
 Public health centre17165.8
 Public hospital7629.2
 Private facilities135.0

Number of visits of formal health facilities till TB diagnosis
 One12748.8
 Two6926.5
 Three3714.2
 Four186.9
 Five93.5

How did you decide to come to this health centre eventually
 Self-decision13451.6
 Referral from other health care provider7729.6
 Relatives/friends advice4918.8

Who gave you referral to come to this health centre
 Private provider3950.6
 Other government facilities (hospital, health posts/clinics)3444.2
 Other45.2

NB. Median number of visits before diagnosis is made = 2, mean = 1.8, minimum = 1, and range 1–5. Duration of cough from onset to diagnosis, in weeks, median = 4, IQR (3, 6).Distance to the nearest government TB diagnosis and treatment facility, in hours; By walking: mean 2.5, SD = 1.1, median = 2, IQR (2, 3). By transport: mean 0.7, SD = 0.3, median = 0.5, IQR (0.5, 1).

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