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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 409391, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/409391
Research Article

Iranian Patients Require More Pertinent Care to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Complications

Health Education & Promotion Department, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5166614711, Iran

Received 6 May 2014; Accepted 14 July 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Gerardo E. Guillén Nieto

Copyright © 2014 Abdolreza Shaghaghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Accurate care of patients with type 2 diabetes may reduce risk of complications. This study was conducted to envisage current status of cares that are provided for a sample of Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes and highlight the domains that need to be focused on in the country’s national type 2 diabetes care program. Methods. Behavioral risk factors and diabetes related complications were investigated among 234 randomly selected type 2 diabetic patients residing in the city of Khoy, Northwest of Iran. Data were collected by a semistructured questionnaire in face to face or telephone interview. Proportions and confidence intervals of the observed difference were calculated by the Confidence Interval Analysis (CIA) software version 2.2.0. Results. Diabetes complications were evident amongst 67.2% of the patients. Inappropriate dietary pattern, insufficient physical activity, and anxiety were reported by 26.5%, 74.8%, and 69.7% of the respondents. Quality of life was reported to be affected in 94.6% of the respondents but its burden was significantly greater in females (P < 0.001, 95% CI of the difference: −0.75 to −0.53). Conclusions. The findings reflect discrepancies in providing the required care for the studied Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes to prevent their disease’s complications.