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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 1896761, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1896761
Research Article

Epidemiology of Cancers in Kashmir, India: An Analysis of Hospital Data

1Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Kashmir 190010, India
2Department of Surgical Oncology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Kashmir 190011, India

Received 5 March 2016; Revised 28 May 2016; Accepted 12 June 2016

Academic Editor: Ivaylo Gentschev

Copyright © 2016 Mariya A. Qurieshi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. The aim of the present study was to measure the pattern of different cancers in Kashmir, India, a cancer belt with peculiar cancer profile. A hospital based cancer registry was started by the Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in January 2006, wherein information was collected from cancer patients who were diagnosed and treated in the hospital. Data has been analysed for a period extending from January 2006 to December 2012. Descriptive analysis has been done by using statistical software. A total of 1598 cancer patients were admitted during this period. Overall male to female ratio was 1.33 : 1. Stomach cancer was the most commonly reported cancer (25.2%), followed by colorectal cancer (16.4%) and lung cancer (13.2%) among males. For females, colorectal cancer (16.8%), breast cancer (16.1%), and stomach cancer (10.4%) were the most frequently reported cancers in order of frequency. Tobacco related cancers contributed to more than three-fourths of cancers among men and more than half of cancers for women. There is an urgent need to set up a population based cancer registration system to understand the profile of cancers specific to this geographic region.