Advances in Preventive Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Insulin Resistance in Adults from Maracaibo City, Venezuela

Table 7

Biologic and anthropometric characteristics in the general population by insulin resistance status (Maracaibo, Venezuela, 2015).

HOMA2-IR < 2 ()HOMA2-IR ≥ 2 ()

Age (years)38.48 ± 15.5041.09 ± 15.113.15 × 10−5
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)26.39 ± 5.2430.60 ± 6.527.13 × 10−55
Waist circumference (cm)89.92 ± 12.68100.34 ± 16.64.49 × 10−54
Fasting glycemia (mg/dL)91.88 ± 20.99107.48 ± 50.783.41 × 10−39
Fasting insulin (µU/mL)8.80 ± 2.7021.46 ± 10.15<0.001
HOMA2-IR1.31 ± 0.403.24 ± 1.47<0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)186.91 ± 45.67196.87 ± 46.312.39 × 10−7
Triacylglycerides (mg/dL)110.70 ± 76.27154.48 ± 122.025.45 × 10−29
LDL-C (mg/dL)118.80 ± 38.06125.25 ± 38.84<0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)45.90 ± 12.5841.97 ± 10.953.67 × 10−14
Systolic BP (mmHg)117.91 ± 16.57121.96 ± 17.082.33 × 10−8
Diastolic BP (mmHg)75.75 ± 10.9979.05 ± 11.442.93 × 10−11
hs-CRP (mg/dL)0.313 (0.086–0.622)0.420 (0.154–0.942)4.51 × 10−7

LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; BP: blood pressure; hs-CRP: High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein.
Normally distributed variable, expressed as mean ± standard deviation; nonnormally distributed variable, expressed as median (25th percentile–75th percentile).
Student’s -test was used for normally distributed variables; Mann-Whitney test was used for nonnormally distributed variables.

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