Advances in Preventive Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Phytochemical Profiling and Larval Control of Erythrina variegata Methanol Fraction against Malarial and Filarial Vector

Table 1

Percentage mortality of mosquito larvae of An. stephensi and Cx. quinquefasciatus exposed to different concentrations of different solvent leaf extracts of E. variegata.

SolventsMortality rate (%) (Mean ± SD)
Concentration (ppm)An. StephensiCx. quinquefasciatus

HexaneControl00
50 g/ml3.20 ±1.7 (10.2%)6.60 ±1.8 (13.3%)
100 g/ml8.80 ±2.6 (17.8%)11.80±2.2 (23.9%)
150 g/ml16.20±2.7 (24.7%)23.60±1.7 (38.4%)
200 g/ml34.60±2.6 (36.8%)42.80±2.2 (48.2%)
250 g/ml62.80±2.7 (54.2%)73.40±1.7 (63.5%)
Total percentage of death rate (%)28.74%37.46%
Ethyl acetateControl00
50 g/ml8.80±2.4 (24.2)14.40±3.8 (24.2)
100 g/ml15.60±3.1 (35.6)22.80±2.1 (37.9)
150 g/ml31.80±2.3 (46.9)40.80±3.6 (48.7)
200 g/ml60.20±2.3 (62.7)74.20±3.5 (63.5)
250 g/ml81.40±1.7 (69.3)97.60±0.8 (96.8)
Total percentage of death rate (%)47.74%54.22%
ChloroformControl00
50 g/ml5.40 ±2.6 (15.2)9.80±2.6 (20.3)
100 g/ml12.80±2.4 (24.9)19.20±3.2 (31.8)
150 g/ml20.60±2.5 (41.5)32.60±2.2 (44.5)
200 g/ml36.20±2.5 (51.7)53.20±2.5 (58.4)
250 g/ml65.80±2.1 (56.4)86.20±2.1 (74.6)
Total percentage of death rate (%)37.94%45.92%
MethanolControl00
50 g/ml12.20±3.2 (26.2)16.80±2.7 (29.3)
100 g/ml21.80±2.5 (36.8)26.20±2.6 (42.5)
150 g/ml39.80±2.6 (51.6)45.60±3.8 (54.8)
200 g/ml68.20±3.9 (67.7)81.40±1.9 (72.7)
250 g/ml92.60±1.6 (92.8)100.0±0.0 (98.2)
Total percentage of death rate (%)55.02%59.5%

Values are mean ± SD of four replicates. Within each row, different letters indicate significant differences (ANOVA, New Duncan test, and P<0.05).