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Advances in Pharmacological Sciences
Volume 2017, Article ID 3026370, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3026370
Review Article

Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schlechter

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Newman Osafo; hg.ude.tsunk@mrahp.ofason

Received 5 June 2017; Revised 14 August 2017; Accepted 12 September 2017; Published 15 October 2017

Academic Editor: Antonio Ferrer-Montiel

Copyright © 2017 Newman Osafo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological Relevance. Cryptolepis sanguinolenta is a scrambling thin-stemmed shrub found in Africa. Traditionally in West Africa, it is employed in the treatment of malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory conditions. This review discusses the traditional importance as well as the phytochemical, ethnomedical, pharmacological, and toxicological importance of this plant. Materials and Methods. Excerpta Medica Database, Google Scholar, Springer, and PubMed Central were the electronic databases used to search for and filter primary studies on Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. Results. The detailed review of various studies conducted on C. sanguinolenta and some of its constituents gives an important body of proof of its potential therapeutic benefits and also of its use as a source of lead compounds with therapeutic potentials. Conclusion. The review on C. sanguinolenta is important in identifying grey areas in the research on this medicinal plant and also provides comprehensive data thus far to continue research on this plant.