Anatomy Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Root Anatomy and Root Canal Configuration of Human Permanent Mandibular Premolars: A Systematic Review

Table 4

Table enlisting documented case reports of mandibular first premolars with multiplicity of roots or root canals in teeth presenting.

Number of rootsRoot canal anatomyDiagnostic methodCountryReference

1 root2 canalsR/GUSAEngland et al. [44], 1991
2 canalsR/GIndiaShenoy et al. [45], 2013
3 canalsR/GJamaicaNallapati [46], 2005
3 canalsR/GBrazilDe Almeida-Gomes et al. [47], 2006

2 roots2 canalsR/GIndiaKararia et al. [48], 2012
3 canalsR/GIndiaPoorni et al. [49] 2010
3 canalsR/GIndiaMoayedi and Lata [50], 2004
N/AR/GUSAMilano et al. [51], 2002

3 roots3 canalsR/GIndiaKakkar and Singh [52], 2012
3 canalsR/GChinaChan et al. [53], 1992
3 canalsExtractionUSAFischer and Evans [54], 1992
3 canalsMicro CT after extractionBritainCleghorn et al. [55], 2008

N/A3 canalsR/GGermanyH lsmann [56], 1990
N/A3 canalsR/GAustraliaYang [57], 1994

4 roots4 canalsR/GIndiaVaghela and Sinha [58], 2013

4 canalsR/GChinaDu et al. [59], 2013

N/A: not available, R/G: radiograph, and micro-CT: microcomputed tomography.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.