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Anatomy Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 474615, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/474615
Research Article

Use of Digital Panoramic Radiographs in the Study of Styloid Process Elongation

1Department of Anatomy, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Avenida Professor Moraes Rego S/N, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil
2Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Facial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Avenida Professor Moraes Rego S/N, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901 Recife, PE, Brazil

Received 21 May 2015; Accepted 7 July 2015

Academic Editor: Robert J. Spinner

Copyright © 2015 Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly Lins et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work aimed to evaluate the occurrence of suggestive images of styloid process elongation in panoramic radiographs, noting their frequency according to sex, age, and location, as well as measure and classify the types and patterns of calcification of elongated styloid processes. 2,500 panoramic radiographs were evaluated in a Radiology Clinic in Recife, PE, Brazil, performed between 2008 and 2010, with the age ranging from 25 to 80 years old. 560 of the radiographs analyzed fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of this total, 216 (38.57%) presented suggestive images of the styloid process elongation, 45 (20.8%) belonging to male and 171 (79.2%) to female, and 84.7% were bilateral. After all measurements, mean values of 35.5 mm (left side) and 37.6 mm (right side) were obtained and these differences were statistically significant (). The most common type of stretching found was elongated (type I) with 73.1%, and the pattern of calcification was partially calcified (62.5%). It was found that the elongation of the styloid process is an anatomical variation, which must be taken into account by dentists, and because panoramic radiography is a technique of easy approach and low cost and routine, it can be used to aid in the diagnosis of elongated styloid process.