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Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Volume 2010, Article ID 401419, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/401419
Clinical Study

Anesthesia for Pediatric Deep Brain Stimulation

1Department of Anesthesiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
2Department of Neurosurgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1136, New York, NY 10029, USA

Received 2 March 2010; Revised 3 June 2010; Accepted 4 July 2010

Academic Editor: Yoshitaka Fujii

Copyright © 2010 Joseph Sebeo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In patients refractory to medical therapy, deep brain stimulations (DBSs) have emerged as the treatment of movement disorders particularly Parkinson's disease. Their use has also been extended in pediatric and adult patients to treat epileptogenic foci. We here performed a retrospective chart review of anesthesia records from 28 pediatric cases of patients who underwent DBS implantation for dystonia using combinations of dexmedetomidine and propofol-based anesthesia. Complications with anesthetic techniques including airway and cardiovascular difficulties were analyzed.