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Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 748031, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/748031
Review Article

Current Concepts in the Management of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting

1Department of Anaesthesiology, Medical College & Hospital, 88 College Street, Kolkata, India
2Department of Anaesthesiology, K.P.C Medical College, Jadavpur, Kolkata, India
3Department of Anaesthesiology, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, 58 Canal Circular Road, Kolkata, India

Received 1 July 2011; Revised 21 August 2011; Accepted 24 August 2011

Academic Editor: James B. Eisenkraft

Copyright © 2011 S. Chatterjee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are still common following surgery. This is not only distressing to the patient, but increases costs. The thorough understanding of the mechanism of nausea and vomiting and a careful assessment of risk factors provide a rationale for appropriate management of PONV. Strategy to reduce baseline risk and the adoption of a multimodal approach will most likely ensure success in the management of PONV.