Anesthesiology Research and Practice / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Epidemiology of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury at Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital of Lomé in Togo

Table 1

Demographics, mechanism of injury, severity of injury, and complications based on age groups among severe pediatric traumatic brain injury patients.

VariableOverall0–4 years5–9 years10–15 years value

Number9122 (24.2%)40 (44%)29 (31.8%)
Age (mean ± SD)7.7 ± 4.32.14 ± 0.97.0 ± 1.212.9 ± 1.80.001
Males61 (67.0%)13 (59.1%)27 (67.5%)21 (72.4%)0.60
Mechanism of injury
 Road traffic accident72 (79.1)13 (59.1%)35 (87.5%)24 (82.8%)0.03
 Falls18 (19.8%)9 (40.9%)5 (12.5%)4 (13.8%)
 Sports accident1 (1.1%)001 (3.4%)
pGCS (median (range))7 (3–8)7 (3–8)7 (4–8)7 (4–8)0.245
ISS (mean ± SD)23.1 ± 8.421.5 ± 7.622.6 ± 7.724.8 ± 9.60.350
Ventilator days (mean ± SD)2.1 ± 2.91.9 ± 1.92.4 ± 3.22.1 ± 3.20.800
ICU stay (mean ± SD)4.9 ± 4.44.8 ± 4.55.0 ± 4.04.9 ± 5.00.99
Sepsis28 (30.7%)6 (27.3%)13 (32.5%)9 (31.0%)0.912
Mortality29 (31.9%)6 (27.3%)13 (32.5%)10 (34.5%)0.85

SD: standard deviation, pGCS: pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale, ISS: Injury Severity Score, ICU: Intensive Care Unit.

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