Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 595301, 8 pages
Research Article

Disclosure of Children's Positive Serostatus to Family and Nonfamily Members: Informal Caregivers in Togo, West Africa

Department of Sociology, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle no. 311157, Denton, TX 76203, USA

Received 17 January 2011; Revised 24 March 2011; Accepted 14 April 2011

Academic Editor: Soraya Seedat

Copyright © 2011 Ami R. Moore and David Williamson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Cartoux, P. Msellati, N. Meda et al., “Attitude of pregnant women towards HIV testing in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire and Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso,” AIDS, vol. 12, no. 17, pp. 2337–2344, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  2. S. Issiaka, M. Cartoux, O. Ky-Zerbo et al., “Living with HIV: women's experience in Burkina Faso, West Africa,” AIDS Care, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 123–128, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. A. Medley, C. Garcia-Moreno, S. McGill, and S. Maman, “Rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure among women in developing countries: implications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 299–307, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  4. B. O. Olley, S. Seedat, and D. J. Stein, “Self-disclosure of HIV serostatus in recently diagnosed patients with HIV in South Africa,” African journal of reproductive health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 71–76, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Maman, R. Cathcart, G. Burkhardt, S. Omba, and F. Behets, “The role of religion in HIV-positive women's disclosure experiences and coping strategies in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 965–970, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  6. J. M. Simoni, H. R.C. Mason, G. Marks, M. S. Ruiz, D. Reed, and J. L. Richardson, “Women's self-disclosure of HIV infection: rates, reasons, and reactions,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 474–478, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. C. Farquhar, D. Ngacha, R. Bosire, R. Nduati, J. Kreiss, and G. John, “Prevalence and correlates of partner notification regarding HIV-1 in an antenatal setting in Nairobi, Kenya,” in Proceedings of the 13th International AIDS Conference, p. 381, July 2000.
  8. P. Galliard, R. Melis, F. Mwanyumba et al., “Consequences of announcing HIV seropositivity to women in an African setting: lessons for the implementation of HIV testing and interventions to reduce mother-to-child transmission,” in Proceedings of the 13th International AIDS Conference, p. 334, July 2000.
  9. G. Seidel and N. Ntuli, “HIV, confidentiality, gender, and support in rural South Africa,” Lancet, vol. 347, no. 8999, p. 469, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. R. Moore, D. N. Kalanzi, and F. K. Amey, “To disclose or not to disclose: Lower class parents living with HIV/AIDS in Lomé, Togo,” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 28, no. 9/10, pp. 351–364, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Ogden and L. Nyblade, “Common at Its Core: HIV-Related Stigma Across Contexts,” Report from the International Center for Research on Women, 2005.
  12. R. Brandt, A. Dawes, and R. Bray, “Women coping with AIDS in Africa: contributions of a contextually grounded research methodology,” Psychology, Health and Medicine, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 522–527, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. M. J. VanLandingham, W. Im-Em, and C. Saengtienchai, “Community reaction to persons with HIV/AIDS and their parents: an analysis of recent evidence from Thailand,” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 392–410, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  14. N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln, “Introduction: the discipline and practice of qualitative research,” in Handbook of Qualitative Research, N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln, Eds., pp. 1–28, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  15. N. Fielding and M. Schreier, “Introduction: on the compatibility between qualitative and quantitative research methods,” Forum: Qualitative Social Research, vol. 2, no. 1, article 4, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  16. World Bank Group, “Togo: Data and Statistics,” 2009,
  17. WHO, “Mortaliy country fact sheet, Togo 2006,” 2006,
  18. UNICEF, “Togo-Statistics,” 2010,
  19. WHO/UNAIDS, “Epidemiological fact sheet on HIV and AIDS: Core data on epidemiology and response—Togo,” 2008.
  20. A. R. Moore, “Older poor parents who lost and adult child to aids in Togo, West Africa: a qualitative study,” Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 289–302, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. E. Goffman, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Doubleday, New York, NY, USA, 1959.
  22. E. Goffman, Stigma, Anchor/Doubleday, New York, NY, USA, 1961.
  23. S. Castle, “Rural children's attitudes to people with HIV/AIDS in Mali: the causes of stigma,” Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  24. A. Siripong, T. Bunupuradah, W. Apateerapong, P. Boonrak, C. Pancharoen, and J. Ananworanich, “Attitudes of Thai caregivers of children with HIV infection towards HIV disclosure,” Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 191–197, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. C. Nöstlinger, T. Jonckheer, E. De Belder et al., “Families affected by HIV: Parents' and children's characteristics and disclosure to the children,” AIDS Care, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 641–648, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. C. A. Emlet, “"You're awfully old to have this disease": experiences of stigma and ageism in adults 50 years and older living with HIV/AIDS,” The Gerontologist, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 781–790, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. K. Olson, “Crime and religion: a denominational and community analysis,” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 395–403, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Assimeng, Religion and Social Change in West Africa, Ghana Universities Press, Accra, Ghana, 1989.