Table 1: Characteristics measured at baseline study visit only for 99 HIV-positive men recruited from the National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (NHTD) in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Baseline characteristicMean ± SD or N(%)

Age31.7 ± 4.8
Marital Status1
 Never married22 (22%)
 Married68 (69%)
 Divorced/Sep/Widowed8 (8%)
Education
 <9 years21 (21%)
 10–12 years43 (43%)
 Vocational18 (18%)
 University or more17 (17%)
Jail or prison (ever)31 (31%)
Tobacco smoking177 (79%)
Hepatitis C91 (92%)
Initial ART Regimen2
 ZDV/3TC/EFV48 (59%)
 ZDV/3TC/NVP19 (23%)
 D4T/3TC/NVP9 (11%)
 D4T/3TC/EFV4 (5%)
 DDI/ABC/KAL1 (1%)

Abbreviations: ZDV: zidovudine; 3TC, lamivudine; EFV: efavirenz; NVP: Nevirapine; D4T: stavudine; ABC: abacavir; KAL: kaletra.
1 𝑛 = 9 8 .
2 𝑛 = 8 1 .