Table 2: Characteristics measured at each study visit for 99 HIV-positive men recruited from the National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (NHTD) in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Study visit (Mean ± SD or N (%))
Baseline (pre-ART) ( 𝑛 = 9 9 )6 month ( 𝑛 = 8 1 )12 month ( 𝑛 = 7 5 )

Any drug use in last 6 months147 (47%)26 (33%)22 (30%)
Injection drug use in last 6 months124 (24%)10 (13%)8 (11%)
Alcohol2
 Nondrinker52 (53%)30 (38%)23 (31%)
 Light drinker26 (27%)36 (45%)40 (54%)
 Moderate or heavy drinker20 (20%)14 (18%)11 (15%)
Food insecurity25 (5%)2 (3%)3 (4%)
CD4 count (cells/μL)96.7 ± 67.6160.3 ± 114.7194.6 ± 144.5
CD4 <200 cells/uL88 (89%)61 (75%)46 (61%)
Log viral load (copies/mL)34.9 ± 1.02.1 ± 1.01.9 ± 0.8
Viral load <1000 copies (%)37 (7%)70 (86%)67 (92%)
Weight (kg)52.9 ± 7.156.5 ± 7.857.3 ± 8.0
BMI (kg/m2)19.1 ± 2.120.4 ± 2.320.8 ±2.3
BMI categories
 < 17.0 kg/m215 (15%)4 (5%)0 (0%)
 17.0 to <18.5 kg/m224 (24%)15 (19%)13 (17%)
 18.5 to <20 kg/m226 (26%)22 (27%)16 (21%)
 ≥ 20.0 kg/m234 (34%)40 (49%)46 (61%)
Bothersome nausea146 (46%)11 (14%)15 (20%)
Bothersome Diarrhea120 (20%)1 (1%)1 (1%)
Bothersome fever162 (63%)12 (15%)13 (18%)
Energy intake (kcals/day)42108 ± 7552015 ± 7992192 ± 780
Excellent/Very Good Adherence to ART560 (76%)51 (69%)

1 𝑛 = 8 0 for 6 month visit and 𝑛 = 7 4 for 12 month visit.
2 𝑛 = 9 8 for baseline, 𝑛 = 8 0 for 6 month visit, and 𝑛 = 7 4 for 12 month visit.
3 𝑛 = 7 3 for 12 month visit.
4 𝑛 = 6 9 for 12 month visit.
5 𝑛 = 7 9 for 6 month visit and 74 for 12 month visit.