Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 659853, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/659853
Research Article

Decision Processes about Condom Use among Shelter-Homeless LGBT Youth in Manhattan

1School of Social Work, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY 11530, USA
2New Alternatives for Homeless LGBT Youth, New York, NY 10009, USA
3Trinity Place Shelter, New York, NY 10025, USA

Received 23 January 2012; Accepted 24 March 2012

Academic Editor: Bonita Stanton

Copyright © 2012 Geoffrey L. Ream et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Ajzen, “The theory of planned behavior,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 179–211, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Bennett and G. Bozionelos, “The theory of planned behaviour as predictor of condom use: a narrative review,” Psychology, Health and Medicine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 307–326, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. D. Kipke, S. B. Montgomery, T. R. Simon, J. B. Unger, and C. J. Johnson, “Homeless Youth: drug use patterns and HIV risk profiles according to peer group affiliation,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 247–259, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. Rew, T. A. Whittaker, M. A. Taylor-Seehafer, and L. R. Smith, “Sexual health risks and protective resources in gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless youth.,” Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. E. Walls and S. Bell, “Correlates of engaging in survival sex among homeless youth and young adults,” Journal of Sex Research, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 423–436, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Hunter, “What's good for the gays is good for the gander: making homeless youth housing safer for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth,” Family Court Review, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 543–557, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. T. C. Nolan, “Outcomes for a transitional living program serving LGBTQ youth in New York City,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 385–406, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Gangamma, N. Slesnick, P. Toviessi, and J. Serovich, “Comparison of HIV risks among gay, lesbian, bisexual and heterosexual homeless youth,” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 456–464, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. M. Van Leeuwen, S. Boyle, S. Salomonsen-Sautel et al., “Lesbian, gay, and bisexual homeless youth: an eight-city public health perspective,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 151–170, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. N. Cochran, A. J. Stewart, J. A. Ginzler, and A. M. Cauce, “Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 773–777, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. E. Lankenau, M. C. Clatts, D. Welle, L. A. Goldsamt, and M. V. Gwadz, “Street careers: homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM),” International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. Ray, “Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth: an epidemic of homelessness,” 2007, http://www.thetaskforce.org/reports_and_research/homeless_youth.
  13. H. M. Berberet, “Putting the pieces together for queer youth: a model of integrated assessment of need and program planning,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 361–384, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Feinstein, A. Greenblatt, L. Hass, S. Kohn, and J. Rana, “Justice for all? A report on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered youth in the New York juvenile justice system,” 2001, http://www.urbanjustice.org/pdf/publications/lesbianandgay/justiceforallreport.pdf .
  15. G. P. Mallon and R. Woronoff, “Busting out of the Child Welfare closet: lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender-affirming approaches to Child Welfare,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 115–122, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. M. Ragg, D. Patrick, and M. Ziefert, “Slamming the closet door. Working with gay and lesbian youth in care,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 243–265, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Wilber, C. Reyes, and J. Marksamer, “The Model Standards Project: creating inclusive systems for LGBT youth in out-of-home care,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 133–149, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. P. Mallon, We don't Exactly Get the Welcome Wagon: The Experiences of Gay and Lesbian Adolescents in Child Welfare Systems, Columbia University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1998.
  19. H. Craig-Oldsen, J. A. Craig, and T. Morion, “Issues of shared parenting of LGBTQ children and youth in foster care: preparing foster parents for new roles,” Child Welfare, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 267–280, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Tremble, “Prostitution and survival: interviews with gay street youth,” Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 39–45, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. W. Thrasher, “A church. A shelter. Is it safe?” The New York Times, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/06/nyregion/sylvias-place-faces-licensing-problems.html.
  22. C. L. Auerswald and S. L. Eyre, “Youth homelessness in San Francisco: a life cycle approach,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 1497–1512, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. L. Bailey, C. S. Camlin, and S. T. Ennett, “Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 378–388, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. L. Grandi, S. Goihman, M. Ueda, and G. W. Rutherford, “HIV infection, syphilis, and behavioral risks in Brazilian male sex workers,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 129–135, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. Minichiello, R. Mariño, and J. Browne, “Knowledge, risk perceptions and condom usage in male sex workers from three Australian cities,” AIDS Care, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 387–402, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. D. Smith and D. W. Seal, “Motivational influences on the safer sex behavior of agency-based male sex workers,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 845–853, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. C. Hein, “Survival strategies of male homeless adolescents,” Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 274–282, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. K. A. Tyler, “A comparison of risk factors for sexual victimization among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual homeless young adults,” Violence and Victims, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 586–602, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. B. Hickler and C. L. Auerswald, “The worlds of homeless white and African American youth in San Francisco, California: a cultural epidemiological comparison,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 824–831, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. C. Kalichman, L. Tannenbaum, and D. Nachimson, “Personality and cognitive factors influencing substance use and sexual risk for HIV infection among gay and bisexual men,” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 262–271, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. B. Mullens, R. M. Young, M. Dunne, and G. Norton, “The Cannabis Expectancy Questionnaire for Men who have Sex with Men (CEQ-MSM): a measure of substance-related beliefs,” Addictive Behaviors, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 616–619, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. B. Morris and I. P. Albery, “Alcohol consumption and HIV risk behaviours: integrating the theories of alcohol myopia and outcome-expectancies,” Addiction Research and Theory, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 73–86, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. Operario, T. Nemoto, M. Iwamoto, and T. Moore, “Risk for HIV and unprotected sexual behavior in male primary partners of transgender women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1255–1261, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. Rohde, J. Noell, L. Ochs, and J. R. Seeley, “Depression, suicidal ideation and STD-related risk in homeless older adolescents,” Journal of Adolescence, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 447–460, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. R. Solorio, D. Rosenthal, N. G. Milburn et al., “predictors of sexual risk behaviors among newly homeless youth: a longitudinal study,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 401–409, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. East, D. Jackson, L. O'Brien, and K. Peters, “Use of the male condom by heterosexual adolescents and young people: literature review,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 103–110, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. Umphrey and J. Sherblom, “Relational commitment and threats to relationship maintenance goals: influences on condom use,” Journal of American College Health, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 61–67, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. B. Beadnell, S. A. Baker, M. R. Gillmore, D. M. Morrison, B. Huang, and S. Stielstra, “The theory of reasoned action and the role of external factors on heterosexual men's monogamy and condom use,” Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 97–134, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Y. Salabarría-Peña, J. W. Lee, S. B. Montgomery, H. W. Hopp, and A. A. Muralles, “Determinants of female and male condom use among immigrant women of Central American descent,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 163–174, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Cusick, “Non-use of condoms by prostitute women,” AIDS Care, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 133–146, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. H. Hansen, M. M. Lopez-Iftikhar, and M. Alegría, “The economy of risk and respect: accounts by Puerto Rican sex workers of HIV risk taking,” Journal of Sex Research, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 292–301, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. T. Nemoto, D. Operario, J. Keatley, and D. Villegas, “Social context of HIV risk behaviours among male-to-female transgenders of colour,” AIDS Care, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 724–735, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. T. N. Tran, R. Detels, H. T. Long, L. V. Phung, and H. P. Lan, “HIV infection and risk characteristics among female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 581–586, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Harlem United, “Harlem United/Trinity Place group curriculum,” Psychoeducation syllabus. Trinity Place Shelter. New York City, 2011.
  45. New York State Department of Health, “HIV/AIDS educational materials for consumers,” 2011, http://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/aids/publications/index.htm.
  46. V. Shubert and N. Bernstine, “Moving from fact to policy: Housing is HIV prevention and health care,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 11, supplement 2, pp. S172–S181, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. K. Hutchinson, L. S. Jemmott, E. B. Wood et al., “Culture-Specific Factors Contributing to HIV Risk Among Jamaican Adolescents,” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 35–47, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. R. C. Savin-Williams and G. L. Ream, “Prevalence and stability of sexual orientation components during adolescence and young adulthood,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 385–394, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. B. G. Glaser and A. L. Strauss, The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, A. de Gruyter, New York, NY, USA, 1967.
  50. J. Lofland, Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis, Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, Belmont, Calif, USA, 4th edition, 2006.
  51. V. Braun and V. Clarke, “Using thematic analysis in psychology,” Qualitative Research in Psychology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 77–101, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. T. Robinson, T. Robinson, and B. Bain, “Sexual risk-taking behavior and HIV knowledge of Kingston's street boys,” Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children, vol. 4, no. 2-3, pp. 127–147, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. C. Clatts, L. Goldsamt, H. Yi, and M. V. Gwadz, “Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: a preliminary epidemiological trajectory,” Journal of Adolescence, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 201–214, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. B. D. Adam, W. Husbands, J. Murray, and J. Maxwell, “Risk construction in the reinfection discourses of HIV-positive men,” Health, Risk and Society, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 63–71, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus