AIDS Research and Treatment / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Barriers to Initiation of Pediatric HIV Treatment in Uganda: A Mixed-Method Study

Table 3

Nutritional status of the “Monitoring of Antiretroviral Therapy in Children” cohort participants at presentation.


Underweight (WAZ <−2 SD) <5 years old42.7 (34.6–50.7)
5–12 years old24.5 (15.2–33.7)
Severe underweight(WAZ <−3 SD) <5 years old26.1 (18.9–33.3)
5–12 years old12.8 (5.5–20.0)

Stunting (HAZ <−2 SD) <5 years old62.0 (53.9–70.1)
5–12 years old39.0 (30.4–47.5)
Severe stunting (HAZ <−3 SD) <5 years old40.0 (31.8–48.2)
5–12 years old18.4 (11.5–25.3)

Wasting (WHZ <−2 SD) <5 years old21.7 (14.9–28.4)
5–12 years oldNA
Severe wasting (WHZ <−3 SD) <5 years old7.0 (2.7–11.3)
5–12 years oldNA

BMI-for-age z-score (<−2 SD) <5 years old16.3 (10.2–22.3)
5–12 years old8.6 (3.6–13.7)

Midupper arm circumference n (%)a≤13.5 cm55 (37.9)

Data are presented as percentage with 95% confidence interval (CI) unless otherwise indicated. No significant differences were found between clinical sites. Reference data used are WHO Anthro version 3.2.2, January 2011 for age 0–5 and Reference 2007 for age 5–19 [13, 14, 21]. 33 z-scores were excluded from analysis because of biological implausibility (WAZ , HAZ , WHZ , and BMI-for-age ).
aMidupper arm circumference only applicable for children 1–5 years old ( ). WAZ: weight-for-age z-score, HAZ: height-for-age z-score, WHZ: weight-for-height z-score, and BMI: body mass index (in kg/m2).