Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 480247, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/480247
Research Article

Oral Health Status and Oromucosal Lesions in Patients Living with HIV/AIDS in India: A Comparative Study

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, India

Received 16 May 2014; Revised 1 July 2014; Accepted 28 July 2014; Published 20 August 2014

Academic Editor: Guido Poli

Copyright © 2014 Sandeep Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. C. Quinn, “Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,” in Cecil Medicine, L. Golden and A. Schafer, Eds., p. 392, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 24th edition, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  2. Department of AIDS Control, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Annual Report, 2010-2011, http://www.naco.gov.in/upload/REPORTS/NACO%20Annual%20Report%202010-11.pdf.
  3. K. Ranganathan and R. Hemalatha, “Oral lesions in HIV infection in developing countries: an overview,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 63–68, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Kumar, C. Shekhar, P. Kumar, and A. S. Kundu, “Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic status scale-updating for 2007,” Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 74, no. 12, pp. 1131–1132, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. World Health Organization, Oral Health Survey: Basic Methods, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 4th edition, 1997.
  6. A. Kolokotronis, V. Kioses, D. Antoniades, K. Mandraveli, I. Doutsos, and P. Papanayotou, “Immunologic status in patients infected with HIV with oral candidiasis and hairy leukoplakia,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 41–46, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Schmidt-Westhausen, T. H. Grünewald, P. A. Reichart, and H. D. Pohle, “Oral manifestations in 70 German HIV-infected women,” Oral Diseases, vol. 3, supplement 1, pp. S28–S30, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. M. Gillespie and R. Marino, “Oral manifestations of HIV infection: a Panamerican perspective,” Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 2–7, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. L. Patton, J. A. Phelan, F. J. Ramos-Gomez, W. Nittayananta, C. H. Shiboski, and T. L. Mbuguye, “Prevalence and classification of HIV-associated oral lesions,” Oral Diseases, vol. 8, supplement 2, pp. 98–109, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  10. K. Ranganathan, K. T. Magesh, N. Kumarasamy, S. Solomon, R. Viswanathan, and N. W. Johnson, “Greater severity and extent of periodontal breakdown in 136 south Indian human immunodeficiency virus seropositive patients than in normal controls: a comparative study using community periodontal index of treatment needs,” Indian Journal of Dental Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 55–59, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. Arirachakaran, M. Hanvanich, P. Kuysakorn, and K. Thongprasom, “Antiretroviral drug-associated oral lichenoid reaction in HIV patient: a case report,” International Journal of Dentistry, vol. 2010, Article ID 291072, 4 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. C. Scully and P. D. Dios, “Orofacial effects of antiretroviral therapies,” Oral Diseases, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 205–210, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus