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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2017, Article ID 4654763, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4654763
Research Article

Early Diagnosis of HIV among Infants Born to HIV-Positive Mothers on Option-B Plus in Kampala, Uganda

1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda
2Institute of Public Health and Management, International Health Sciences University, Kampala, Uganda

Correspondence should be addressed to Jonathan Izudi; moc.liamg@dzhanoj

Received 16 May 2017; Revised 28 August 2017; Accepted 26 September 2017; Published 19 October 2017

Academic Editor: Robert R. Redfield

Copyright © 2017 Jonathan Izudi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Globally, there is delay in accessing early HIV diagnosis (EID) among HIV exposed infants (HEIs). With paucity of data on EID use at Kisenyi Health Center, this study assessed factors associated with EID use among HEIs (HIV exposed infants). Method. This was a cross-sectional study of 246 HIV-positive mother-baby pairs. Data was collected by structured questionnaire, double-entered in EpiData, and analyzed with STATA using multinomial logistic regression at 5% significance level. Results. 132 (53.7%) HEIs were not tested, 60 (24.4%) tested outside EID guideline, and 54 (21.9%) tested per the guideline. Testing per guideline was associated with maternal age above 30 years (AOR = 2.75; 95% CI: 1.20–6.34; ); testing outside the guideline was associated with maternal HIV serostatus disclosure (AOR = 2.70; 95% CI: 1.10–6.63; ) and four or more antenatal care (ANC) visits (AOR = 3.25; 95% CI: 1.23–8.59; ). However, maternal knowledge of HIV transmission was associated with testing outside the guideline (AOR = 2.90; 95% CI: 1.10–7.65; ) and per the guideline (AOR = 3.70; 95% CI: 1.39–9.88; ). Conclusion. Timely EID testing was low. Improving maternal knowledge of EID during ANC visits and positive living empowerment is critical.