Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2019, Article ID 4610458, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4610458
Research Article

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive Youth Attending ART Follow-Up in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

1Menelik II Health Science College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Department of Psychiatry, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
3Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
4Department of Epidemiology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Shegaye Shumet; moc.oohay@eyagehstemuhs

Received 11 July 2018; Revised 15 November 2018; Accepted 22 November 2018; Published 2 January 2019

Academic Editor: Glenda Gray

Copyright © 2019 Helina Abebe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization, World suicide prevention day 2012. World Health Organization, 2012.
  2. UNICEF, Opportunity in Crisis: Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood: UNICEF, 2011.
  3. World Health Organization, ECOSOC Meeting, Addressing noncommunicable diseases and mental health: Major challenges to sustainable development in the 21st century. Discussion Paper: Mental health, poverty and development. Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/discussion_paper_en.pdf, 2009.
  4. M. H. Kim, A. C. Mazenga, X. Yu et al., “Factors associated with depression among adolescents living with HIV in Malawi,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 1, 2015. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. H. Kim, A. C. Mazenga, A. Devandra et al., “Prevalence of depression and validation of the beck depression inventory-II and the children's depression inventory-short amongst HIV-positive adolescents in Malawi,” Journal of the International AIDS Society, vol. 17, no. 1, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Small, M. Mercado, P. Gopalan, G. Pardo, C. A. Mellins, and M. M. McKay, “Enhancing the Emotional Well-Being of Perinatally HIV-Infected Youth Across Global Contexts,” Global Social Welfare, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 25–35, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. HIV/AIDS JUNPo, Global report: UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic: 2012: UNAIDS; 2012.
  8. W. Hladik, I. Shabbir, A. Jelaludin et al., “HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: Where is the epidemic heading?” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. i32–i35, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Hudelson and L. Cluver, “Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy among adolescents living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review,” AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 805–816, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. M. Rey, “IACAPAP Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health,” The Lancet, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Pao, M. Lyon, L. J. D'Angelo, W. B. Schuman, T. Tipnis, and D. A. Mrazek, “Psychiatric diagnoses in adolescents seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus,” JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 154, no. 3, pp. 240–244, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. M. Wood, S. S. Shah, A. P. Steenhoff, and R. M. Rutstein, “The impact of AIDS diagnoses on long-term neurocognitive and psychiatric outcomes of surviving adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV,” AIDS, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 1859–1865, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. W. Kamau, W. Kuria, M. Mathai, L. Atwoli, and R. Kangethe, “Psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected children and adolescents in a resource-poor Kenyan urban community,” AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 836–842, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Santiesteban Díaz, M. Castro, and M. Calvo, “Mental health of primary caregivers for children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS in Cuba,” MEDICC Review, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 30–34, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Leserman, “Role of depression, stress, and trauma in HIV disease progression,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 539–545, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. P. Kumar, R. Dandona, G. A. Kumar, S. Ramgopal, and L. Dandona, “Depression among AIDS-orphaned children higher than among other orphaned children in southern India,” International Journal of Mental Health Systems, vol. 8, no. 1, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. S. Elkington, R. N. Robbins, J. A. Bauermeister, E. J. Abrams, M. McKay, and C. A. Mellins, “Mental health in youth infected with and affected by HIV: The role of caregiver HIV,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 360–373, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Betancourt, P. Scorza, F. Kanyanganzi et al., “HIV and child mental health: A case-control study in Rwanda,” Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. e464–e472, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. K. Santamaria, C. Dolezal, S. L. Marhefka et al., “Psychosocial implications of HIV serostatus disclosure to youth with perinatally acquired HIV,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 257–264, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Knobel, J. Alonso, J. L. Casado et al., “Validation of a simplified medication adherence questionnaire in a large cohort of HIV-infected patients: The GEEMA study,” AIDS, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 605–613, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. E. Broadhead, S. H. Gehlbach, F. V. de Gruy, and B. H. Kaplan, “The Duke-UNC functional social support questionnaire: Measurement of social support in family medicine patients,” Medical Care, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 707–721, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Wiklander, L.-L. Rydström, B.-M. Ygge, L. Navér, L. Wettergren, and L. E. Eriksson, “Psychometric properties of a short version of the HIV stigma scale, adapted for children with HIV infection,” Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 11, no. 1, article no. 195, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. W. Mavhu, J. Berwick, P. Chirawu et al., “Enhancing Psychosocial Support for HIV Positive Adolescents in Harare, Zimbabwe,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 7, Article ID e70254, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Arseniou, A. Arvaniti, and M. Samakouri, “HIV infection and depression.,” Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 96–109, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. A. Mellins and K. M. Malee, “Understanding the mental health of youth living with perinatal HIV infection: lessons learned and current challenges,” Journal of the International AIDS Society, vol. 16, no. 1, Article ID 18593, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Rosliwati and S. Zaharah, “Validation of the Malay version of Children Depression Inventory (CDI) among children and adolescents attending outpatient Clinics in Kota Bharu, Kelantan,” Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 17, no. 1, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  27. U. M. Lawan, G. T. Amole, M. G. Jahun, and J. E. Abute, “Psychosocial challenges and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive adolescents attending an ART center in Kano, northwestern Nigeria,” International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 1439–1444, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. L. M. Hill, S. Maman, A. K. Groves, and D. Moodley, “Social support among HIV-positive and HIV-negative adolescents in Umlazi, South Africa: changes in family and partner relationships during pregnancy and the postpartum period,” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol. 15, no. 1, 2015. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Nöstlinger, S. Bakeera-Kitaka, J. Buyze, J. Loos, and A. Buvé, “Factors influencing social self-disclosure among adolescents living with HIV in Eastern Africa,” AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, vol. 27, pp. 36–46, 2015. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Martinez, G. Harper, R. A. Carleton et al., “The impact of stigma on medication adherence among HIV-positive adolescent and young adult females and the moderating effects of coping and satisfaction with health care,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 108–115, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus