Table 3: Factors associated with depression among HIV positive youth attending ART follow-up at public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016 (n= 507).

Characteristics Depression CORAOR
Yes No 95 CI 95 CI

Age 15-1999(28.0)254(72.0)1.001.00
20-2481(52.6)73(47.4)2.84(1.92, 4.21)2.20(1.33, 3.62)
SexFemale105(38.6)167(61.4)1.34(0.92, 1.93)1.21(0.79, 1.84)
Male75(31.9)160(68.1)1.001.00
Educational statusPrimary73(31.5)159(68.5)0.47(0.26, 0.83)0.70(0.35, 1.37)
Secondary76(35.8)136(64.2)0.57(0.32, 1.01)0.99(0.50, 1.96)
Diploma and above31(49.2)32(50.8)1.001.00
Primary care giverOther sibling120(41.0)173(59.0)1.78(1.21, 2.59)0.88(0.53, 1.47)
Mother/father60(28.0)154(72.0)1.001.00
living status of mother /fatherBoth dead29(27.1)78(72.9)0.62(0.41, 0.93)0.73(0.36,1.47)
Mother/father died81(33.3)162(66.7)0.46(0.27, 0.78)1.04(0.62, 1.75)
Both alive70(44.6)87(55.4)1.001.00
Stages of HIVStage 3&454(42.5)73(57.5)0.67(0.44, 1.01)1.00(0.55, 1.82)
Stage 1&2126(33.2)254(66.8)1.001.00
Opportunistic infectionYes74(45.7)88(54.3)1.89(1.29, 2.78)1.94(1.15, 3.27)
No106(30.7)239(69.3)1.001.00
Stigma Yes116(41.2)132(52.8)2.74(1.88,4.00)2.06(1.35, 3.14)
No64(24.5)197(75.5)1.001.00
Adherence Poor121(42.9)161(57.1)2.11(1.44, 3.09)1.73(1.13, 2.64)
Good59(26.2)166(73.8)1.001.00
Social support Low44(47.8)48(52.2)3.22(1.78, 5.82)2.74(1.42, 5.27)
Moderate109(37.2)184(62.8)2.08(1.27, 3.39)1.75(1.03, 2.98)
Strong27(22.1)95(77.9)1.001.00
CD4 count0-35080(38.8)201(66.8)1.27(0.88, 1.84)0.93(0.57, 1.50)
>350100(33.2)126(61.2)
Substances
Yes80(52.6)72(47.4)2.83(1.91, 4.19)1.85(0.68, 4.99)
No100(28.2)255(71.8)1.001.00

.   indicates p-value<0.001,   indicates p-value<0.01, and  indicates p-value <0.05.