AIDS Research and Treatment / 2020 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Overweight and Obesity among Recipients of Antiretroviral Therapy at HIV Clinics in Gaborone, Botswana: Factors Associated with Change in Body Mass Index

Table 5

Predictors of overweight/obesity and factors independently associated with BMI changes among HIV patients after ART initiation at Princess Marina Hospital and Bontleng anti-retroviral therapy clinics in Botswana. Dependent variable: overweight/obesity ().

Independent variablesNumber (%)UnadjustedAdjusted
OR95% CIOR95% CI

Age-2 (years, mean ± SD)47.6 ± 9.60.990.97–1.011.010.98–1.03

ART regimen
Second- or third-line208 (39.2)11
First-line323 (60.8)1.20.86–1.741.220.82–1.79

Duration of exposure (months, mean ± SD)84.9 ± 29.70.950.88–1.020.950.85–1.02

Gender
Male163 (30.7)11
Female368 (69.3)3.002.00–4.452.841.83–4.42

CD4 cell count/mm3
≥ 350421 (79.3)11
201-24976 (14.3)0.270.15–0.480.380.16–0.89
Nadir (0–200)34 (6.4)0.290.13–0.660.300.17–0.55

DRC
Absent442 (83.2)11
Present89 (16.8)1.881.18–2.982.21.18–3.39

Age-2 = age at the last clinic visit; ART = antiretroviral therapy; DRC = diabetes-related comorbidity; OR = odd ratio; CI = confidence interval; ; ; Cox and Snell ; Hosmer and Lemeshow ; reference group.

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