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Arthritis
Volume 2015, Article ID 379459, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/379459
Review Article

Sucupira as a Potential Plant for Arthritis Treatment and Other Diseases

Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, State University of Maringá, Avenida Colombo 5790, 87020-900 Maringá, PR, Brazil

Received 12 July 2015; Accepted 18 October 2015

Academic Editor: Shigeru Kotake

Copyright © 2015 Jaqueline Hoscheid and Mara Lane Carvalho Cardoso. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Trees of the genus Pterodon, commonly known as “sucupira-branca” or “faveira,” are native to central Brazil. The Pterodon fruits are traditionally used in ethnomedicine as an infusion, in small doses, and at regular time intervals as an antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, tonic, and depurative agent. The various compounds present in the Pterodon class are, generally, water-insoluble and derived from the fusion of high-molecular weight pentacarbonate units. Scientific research has shown that the major compounds isolated from Pterodon species are linear and/or tetracyclic diterpenes with vouacapane skeletons that partly underlie the pharmacological activities of the fruit-derived oil. Material from Pterodon species has several biological properties, such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. Therefore, recent studies have sought to microencapsulate these extracts to protect them from potential chemical degradation and improve their water solubility, ensuring greater stability and quality of the end products. This review presents a succinct overview of the available scientific evidence of the biological activity and toxicity of Pterodon species in addition to other important aspects, including phytochemical and technological features.