Arthritis

Arthritis / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Influence of Oblique Angle Forced Exercise in Surgically Destabilized Stifle Joints Is Synergistic with Bone, but Antagonistic with Cartilage in an Ovine Model of Osteoarthritis

Table 1

Effect of exercise, surgery, and surgery + exercise, average of all compartments (mean ± SD).

Treatment groupControlExercise(%)Surgery(%)Surgery + exercise(%)

BV (mm3)1364 ± 1641361 ± 174(−0.2)1474 ± 319(8.1)1700 ± 11.60(24.6)
TV (mm3)2141 ± 3402128 ± 296(−0.6)2327 ± 555(8.7)2626 ± 19.24(22.6)
BV/TV (%)0.160 ± 0.0060.160 ± 0.007(0.5)0.159 ± 0.006(−0.5)0.162 ± 0.002(1.6)
BS/BV (mm−1)6.56 ± 0.2476.67 ± 0.208(1.7)(2.8)(0.1)
TbTh (mm)0.307 ± 0.0120.302 ± 0.010(−1.6)(−2.7)(−0.5)
TbN (mm−1)1.98 ± 0.0282.01 ± 0.053(1.6)1.99 ± 0.051(0.6)1.98 ± 0.019(0.2)
TbSp (mm)0.200 ± 0.0110.197 ± 0.015(−1.7)0.204 ± 0.015(2.1)0.198 ± 0.004(0.8)
TbPf (mm−1)−4.51 ± 0.581−4.66 ± 0.820(3.2)−4.48 ± 0.318(−0.7)−4.54 ± 0.135(0.6)
MD-Tb (mgHA/cm3)202 ± 11.7208 ± 4.90(2.7)185 ± 14.3(−8.8)191 ± 9.04(5.4)
MD-Cb (mgHA/cm3)297 ± 32.2(13.7)(−5.7)(2.6)

alphabetic superscripts signify values significantly different from one another ().
(%): percent change from Control joint.