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Advances in Tribology
Volume 2012, Article ID 614278, 5 pages
Research Article

Formation of Composite Surface during Friction Surfacing of Steel with Aluminium

Department of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, NITK Surathkal, Srinivasa Nagar, Surathkal 575025, India

Received 18 May 2012; Revised 15 August 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editor: Patrick De Baets

Copyright © 2012 S. Janakiraman and K. Udaya Bhat. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Commercial pure aluminium was deposited on medium carbon steel using friction surfacing route. An aluminium rod was used as the consumable tool. Normal load and tool rotation speed were the variables. Under certain combinations of load and speed the deposition was continuous and uniform. The deposit consisted of Al embedded with fine particles of iron. The interface between substrate material and deposited material was smooth and relatively small. A mechanism is discussed for formation of a composite surface on the steel substrate.