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Advances in Tribology
Volume 2014, Article ID 293953, 8 pages
Research Article

Solid Particle Erosion of Date Palm Leaf Fiber Reinforced Polyvinyl Alcohol Composites

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Sambalpur 768018, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, SOA University, Bhubaneswar 751030, India
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502205, India
4Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., Tamil Nadu 603204, India

Received 2 October 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013; Published 22 January 2014

Academic Editor: Patrick De Baets

Copyright © 2014 Jyoti R. Mohanty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Solid particle erosion behavior of short date palm leaf (DPL) fiber reinforced polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) composite has been studied using silica sand particles (200 ± 50 μm) as an erodent at different impingement angles (15–90°) and impact velocities (48–109 m/s). The influence of fiber content (wt% of DPL fiber) on erosion rate of PVA/DPL composite has also been investigated. The neat PVA shows maximum erosion rate at 30° impingement angle whereas PVA/DPL composites exhibit maximum erosion rate at 45° impingement angle irrespective of fiber loading showing semiductile behavior. The erosion efficiency of PVA and its composites varies from 0.735 to 16.289% for different impact velocities studied. The eroded surfaces were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) to understand the erosion mechanism.