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Advances in Tribology
Volume 2016, Article ID 1483951, 7 pages
Research Article

The Friction of Saline Ice on Aluminium

1Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E6BT, UK
2Department of Engineering, Portsmouth University, Anglesea Building, Anglesea Road, Portsmouth PO13DJ, UK

Received 29 October 2015; Revised 29 February 2016; Accepted 23 March 2016

Academic Editor: Meng Hua

Copyright © 2016 Christopher Wallen-Russell and Ben Lishman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The friction of ice on other materials controls loading on offshore structures and vessels in the Arctic. However, ice friction is complicated, because ice in nature exists near to its melting point. Frictional heating can cause local softening and perhaps melting and lubrication, thus affecting the friction and creating a feedback loop. Ice friction is therefore likely to depend on sliding speed and sliding history, as well as bulk temperature. The roughness of the sliding materials may also affect the friction. Here we present results of a series of laboratory experiments, sliding saline ice on aluminium, and controlling for roughness and temperature. We find that the friction of saline ice on aluminium typically, but that this value varies with sliding conditions. We propose physical models which explain the variations in sliding friction.