Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Tribology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9240703, 17 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9240703
Research Article

A Novel Approach to Reduction of Frictional Losses in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine by Reducing the Hydrodynamic Frictional Losses

1Vehicle Engineering, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, 405 08 Gothenburg, Sweden
2Advanced Technology & Research, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, 412 88 Gothenburg, Sweden
3Powertrain Engineering, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, 405 08 Gothenburg, Sweden
4SET, Halmstad University, P.O. Box 823, 301 18 Halmstad, Sweden

Correspondence should be addressed to Staffan Johansson; moc.liamtoh@jsup

Received 29 September 2016; Accepted 26 February 2017; Published 9 May 2017

Academic Editor: Yuansheng Jin

Copyright © 2017 Staffan Johansson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. B. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1988.
  2. R. I. Taylor, “Heavy duty diesel engine fuel economy: lubricant sensitivities,” in Proceedings of the International Spring Fuels & Lubricants & Exhibition, Paris, France, June 2000.
  3. D. E. Richardson, “Review of power cylinder friction for diesel engines,” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 122, no. 4, pp. 506–519, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Nakada, “Trends in engine technology and tribology,” Tribology International, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Tomanik, “Friction and wear bench tests of different engine liner surface finishes,” Tribology International, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1032–1038, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Li, D. Xiong, J. Dai, Z. Huang, and R. Tyagi, “Effect of surface laser texture on friction properties of nickel-based composite,” Tribology International, vol. 43, no. 5-6, pp. 1193–1199, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Andersson, J. Koskinen, S. Varjus et al., “Microlubrication effect by laser-textured steel surfaces,” Wear, vol. 262, no. 3-4, pp. 369–379, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Yuan, W. Huang, and X. Wang, “Orientation effects of micro-grooves on sliding surfaces,” Tribology International, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1047–1054, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Johansson, C. Frennfelt, A. Killinger, P. H. Nilsson, R. Ohlsson, and B. G. Rosén, “Frictional evaluation of thermally sprayed coatings applied on the cylinder liner of a heavy duty diesel engine: pilot tribometer analysis and full scale engine test,” Wear, vol. 273, no. 1, pp. 82–92, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Johansson, P. H. Nilsson, R. Ohlsson, and B.-G. Rosén, “Simulation and experimental analysis of the contact between oil control ring and cylinder liner in a heavy duty diesel engine,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Colloquium Tribology, Stuttgart, Germany, January 2012.
  11. M. Priest and C. M. Taylor, “Automobile engine tribology—approaching the surface,” Wear, vol. 241, no. 2, pp. 193–203, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Moritani, H. Tokoro, M. Tohyama et al., “Challenge to the diesel engine lubrication with fuel,” SAE Technical Paper 2007-01-1978, SAE International, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Y. Wakuri, T. Hamatake, M. Soejima, and T. Kitahara, “Piston ring friction in internal combustion engines,” Tribology International, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 299–308, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Qiu and M. M. Khonsari, “Experimental investigation of tribological performance of laser textured stainless steel rings,” Tribology International, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 635–644, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S.-W. Cho, S.-M. Choi, and C.-S. Bae, “Frictional modes of barrel shaped piston rings under flooded lubrication,” Tribology International, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 545–551, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. L. Costa and I. M. Hutchings, “Hydrodynamic lubrication of textured steel surfaces under reciprocating sliding conditions,” Tribology International, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 1227–1238, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B. Podgornik, L. M. Vilhena, M. Sedlaček, M. R. Ripoll, Z. Rek, and I. Žun, “Effectiveness of surface texturing in different lubrication regimes,” in Proceedings of the 14th Nordic Symposium on Tribology (NORDTRIB '10), Storforsen, Sweden, 2010.
  18. S. Johansson, P. H. Nilsson, R. Ohlsson, and B.-G. Rosén, “Experimental friction evaluation of cylinder liner/piston ring contact,” Wear, vol. 271, no. 3-4, pp. 625–633, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Johansson, A surface engineering approach to reduction of frictional losses of heavy duty diesel engines [Ph.D. thesis], Chalmers University of Technology, 2012.
  20. M.-S. Suh, Y.-H. Chae, S.-S. Kim, T. Hinoki, and A. Kohyama, “Effect of geometrical parameters in micro-grooved crosshatch pattern under lubricated sliding friction,” Tribology International, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1508–1517, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. L. Ting, “Development of a reciprocating test rig for tribological studies of piston engine moving components—part II: measurements of piston ring friction coefficients and rig test confirmation,” in Proceedings of the International Congress & Exposition, SAE 930686, Detroit, Mich, USA, March 1993.
  22. P. Andersson, “A new tribometer for piston ring friction measurements,” Tribological Research and Design for Engineering Systems, vol. 41, pp. 501–510, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Chen, J. Li, D. Chen, and J. Wang, “Study of the effect of transverse and longitudinal surface patterns on drag-reduction in shear-thinning fluid,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, vol. 221, no. 2, pp. 87–94, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Knopf, C. Eiglmeier, and G. P. Merker, “Calculation of unsteady hydrodynamic lubrication and surface contact at the piston-ring/cylinder-liner interface,” in Proceedings of the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Dearborn, Mich, USA, May 1998.
  25. J. A. Greenwood, “Constriction resistance and the real area of contact,” British Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1621–1632, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H.-J. Jordan, “Optical chromatic confocal probes,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Colloquium on Surfaces, Chemnitz, Germany, January 2008.
  27. A. Kovalchenko, O. Ajayi, A. Erdemir, and G. Fenske, “Friction and wear behavior of laser textured surface under lubricated initial point contact,” Wear, vol. 271, no. 9-10, pp. 1719–1725, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Hegemier and M. Stewart, “Some effects of liner finish on diesel engine operating charateristics,” in Proceedings of the International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, Mich, USA, March 1993.
  29. Y. Tateishi, “Tribological issues in reducing piston ring friction losses,” Tribology International, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 17–23, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. Seki, K. Nakayama, T. Yamada, A. Yoshida, and M. Takiguchi, “Study on variation in oil film thickness of a piston ring package: variation of oil film thickness in piston sliding direction,” JSAE review, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 315–320, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. Wu, “An analysis of the engagement of wet-clutch plates,” Wear, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 23–33, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Payvar, “Laminar heat transfer in the oil groove of a wet clutch,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1791–1798, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus