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Advances in Tribology
Volume 2018, Article ID 2425619, 9 pages
Research Article

Performance Evaluation of Jatropha and Pongamia Oil Based Environmentally Friendly Cutting Fluids for Turning AA 6061

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malnad College of Engineering, Hassan 573201, India
2Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India

Correspondence should be addressed to T. P. Jeevan; moc.liamg@ecmptnaveej

Received 18 January 2018; Revised 29 March 2018; Accepted 16 April 2018; Published 15 May 2018

Academic Editor: Huseyin Çimenoǧlu

Copyright © 2018 T. P. Jeevan and S. R. Jayaram. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Owing to the desirable properties of vegetable oils as cutting fluids, an attempt is made to explore the potentiality of plentifully available vegetable oils as a cutting fluid for turning AA 6061. Two nonedible vegetable oils, Jatropha and Pongamia, in their chemically modified (epoxidized) versions are used as straight cutting fluids. Cutting fluids are introduced to the machining zone with the aid of Minimal Quantity Lubrication (MQL) method. Taguchi’s technique of orthogonal arrays is used to develop an effective design of experiments. The results obtained under epoxidized versions of Jatropha and Pongamia oils are compared with the results of mineral oil in terms of cutting forces and surface roughness. Experimental observations and statistical analysis show that, compared to mineral oil, the modified versions of vegetable oil-based cutting fluids are more effective in reducing the cutting forces and increasing surface finish. It is also observed that the modified Pongamia oil showed lesser flank wear compared to the other two tested oils.