Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Urology
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 918050, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/918050
Review Article

Radiologic Evaluation of Small Renal Masses (II): Posttreatment Management

Departamento de Radiología, Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, C/ Profesor Beltrán Báguena 8, 46009 Valencia, Spain

Received 9 April 2008; Accepted 5 August 2008

Academic Editor: J. Rubio

Copyright © 2008 J. Santos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Volpe and M. A. S. Jewett, “The natural history of small renal masses,” Nature Clinical Practice Urology, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 384–390, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  2. K. H. Tsui, O. Shvarts, R. B. Smith, R. Figlin, J. B. deKernion, and A. Belldegrun, “Renal cell carcinoma: prognostic significance of incidentally detected tumors,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 426–430, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  3. S. G. Silverman, Y. U. Gan, K. J. Mortele, K. Tuncali, and E. S. Cibas, “Renal masses in the adult patient: the role of percutaneous biopsy,” Radiology, vol. 240, no. 1, pp. 6–22, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Zhang, R. A. Lefkowitz, and A. Bach, “Imaging of kidney cancer,” Radiologic Clinics of North America, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 119–147, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  5. L. Richstone, D. S. Scherr, V. R. Reuter et al., “Multifocal renal cortical tumors: frequency, associated clinicopathological features and impact on survival,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 171, no. 2, part 1, pp. 615–620, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  6. E. J. Chae, J. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, S.-J. Bae, and K.-S. Cho, “Renal cell carcinoma: analysis of postoperative recurrence patterns,” Radiology, vol. 234, no. 1, pp. 189–196, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. M. Sorbellini, M. W. Kattan, M. E. Snyder et al., “A postoperative prognostic nomogram predicting recurrence for patients with conventional clear cell renal cell carcinoma,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. I. Patel, R. Simmons, M. W. Kattan, R. J. Motzer, V. E. Reuter, and P. Russo, “Long-term follow-up of bilateral sporadic renal tumors,” Urology, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 921–925, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. G. M. Israel and M. A. Bosniak, “Follow-up CT of moderately complex cystic lesions of the kidney (Bosniak category IIF),” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 181, no. 3, pp. 627–633, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  10. M. A. Bosniak, “The current radiological approach to renal cysts,” Radiology, vol. 158, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  11. M. A. Bosniak, “Problems in the radiologic diagnosis of renal parenchymal tumors,” Urologic Clinics of North America, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 217–230, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  12. V. B. Ho, S. F. Allen, M. N. Hood, and P. L. Choyke, “Renal masses: quantitative assessment of enhancement with dynamic MR imaging,” Radiology, vol. 224, no. 3, pp. 695–700, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  13. O. Rouvière, L. Brunereau, D. Lyonnet, and P. Rouleau, “Staging and follow-up of renal cell carcinoma,” Journal de Radiologie, vol. 83, no. 6, part 2, pp. 805–822, 2002, discussion 823-824. View at Google Scholar
  14. W. K. O. Lau, M. L. Blute, A. L. Weaver, V. E. Torres, and H. Zincke, “Matched comparison of radical nephrectomy vs nephron-sparing surgery in patients with unilateral renal cell carcinoma and a normal contralateral kidney,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 75, no. 12, pp. 1236–1242, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Belldegrun, K. H. Tsui, J. B. deKernion, and R. B. Smith, “Efficacy of nephron-sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma: analysis based on the new 1997 tumor-node-metastasis staging system,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 2868–2875, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  16. B. P. Butler, A. C. Novick, D. P. Miller, S. A. Campbell, and M. R. Licht, “Management of small unilateral renal cell carcinomas: radical versus nephron-sparing surgery,” Urology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 34–41, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. L. F. Duque, K. R. Loughlin, M. P. O'Leary, S. Kumar, and J. P. Richie, “Partial nephrectomy: alternative treatment for selected patients with renal cell carcinoma,” Urology, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 584–590, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Sandrasegaran, C. Lall, A. Rajesh, and D. T. Maglinte, “Distinguishing gelatin bioabsorbable sponge and postoperative abdominal abscess on CT,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 184, no. 2, pp. 475–480, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. T. Young, E. K. Paulson, R. L. McCann, and M. E. Baker, “Appearance of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel) on postoperative CT scans: similarity to postoperative abscess,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 160, no. 2, pp. 275–277, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  20. G. M. Israel, E. Hecht, and M. A. Bosniak, “CT and MR imaging of complications of partial nephrectomy,” Radiographics, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 1419–1429, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. A. V. Kshirsagar, P. L. Choyke, W. M. Linehan, and M. M. Walther, “Pseudotumors after renal parenchymal sparing surgery,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 159, no. 4, pp. 1148–1151, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. E. Mallén Mateo, M. J. Gil Sanz, C. Sancho Serrano, D. Pascual Regueiro, A. García de Jalón Martínez, and L. A. Rioja Sanz, “Pseudotumor renal after partial nephrectomy with the use of surgical gelatin sponge,” Actas Urologicas Españolas, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 455–457, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  23. H. Van Poppel, K. Dilen, and L. Baert, “Incidental renal cell carcinoma and nephron sparing surgery,” Current Opinion in Urology, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 281–286, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. C. J. Moore, S. M. Rozen, and E. K. Fishman, “Two cases of pseudoaneurysm of the renal artery following laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: CT angiographic evaluation,” Emergency Radiology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 193–196, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. S. Heye, G. Maleux, H. Van Poppel, R. Oyen, and G. Wilms, “Hemorrhagic complications after nephron-sparing surgery: angiographic diagnosis and management by transcatheter embolization,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 184, no. 5, pp. 1661–1664, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  26. I. S. Gill, “Minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery,” Urologic Clinics of North America, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 551–579, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. J. C. Scatarige, S. Sheth, F. M. Corl, and E. K. Fishman, “Patterns of recurrence in renal cell carcinoma: manifestations on helical CT,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 177, no. 3, pp. 653–658, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  28. I. A. Iliukhin and D. V. Shchukin, “The local recurrence of renal-cell carcinoma after nephron-sparing surgery,” Voenno-Meditsinskii Zhurnal, vol. 326, no. 2, pp. 32–37, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Takashi, H. Hibi, M. Ohmura, K. Sato, T. Sakata, and M. Ando, “Renal fossa recurrence of a renal cell carcinoma 13 years after nephrectomy: a case report,” International Journal of Urology, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 508–511, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  30. G. E. Wile, J. R. Leyendecker, K. A. Krehbiel, R. B. Dyer, and R. J. Zagoria, “CT and MR imaging after imaging-guided thermal ablation of renal neoplasms,” RadioGraphics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 325–339, 2007, discussion 339-340. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  31. F. Mignon and B. Mesurolle, “Local recurrence and metastatic dissemination of renal cell carcinoma: clinical and imaging characteristics,” Journal de Radiologie, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 275–284, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  32. R. J. Zagoria, A. D. Hawkins, P. E. Clark et al., “Percutaneous CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of renal neoplasms: factors influencing success,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 183, no. 1, pp. 201–207, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  33. S. Javadi, S. F. Matin, P. Tamboli, and K. Ahrar, “Unexpected atypical findings on CT after radiofrequency ablation for small renal-cell carcinoma and the role of percutaneous biopsy,” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1186–1191, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  34. R. J. Zagoria, M. A. Traver, D. M. Werle, M. Perini, S. Hayasaka, and P. E. Clark, “Oncologic efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of renal cell carcinomas,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 189, no. 2, pp. 429–436, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  35. D. A. Gervais, F. J. McGovern, R. S. Arellano, W. S. McDougal, and P. R. Mueller, “Radiofrequency ablation of renal cell carcinoma—part I, indications, results, and role in patient management over a 6-year period and ablation of 100 tumors,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 185, no. 1, pp. 64–71, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  36. E. M. Merkle, S. G. Nour, and J. S. Lewin, “MR imaging follow-up after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of renal cell carcinoma: findings in 18 patients during first 6 months,” Radiology, vol. 235, no. 3, pp. 1065–1071, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  37. J. S. Lewin, S. G. Nour, C. F. Connell et al., “Phase II clinical trial of interactive MR imaging-guided interstitial radiofrequency thermal ablation of primary kidney tumors: initial experience,” Radiology, vol. 232, no. 3, pp. 835–845, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  38. P. J. Cozzi, W. J. Lynch, S. Collins, L. Vonthethoff, and D. L. Morris, “Renal cryotherapy in a sheep model; a feasability study,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 710–712, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. E. M. Remer, E. J. Weinberg, A. Oto, C. M. O'Malley, and I. S. Gill, “MR imaging of the kidneys after laparoscopic cryoablation,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 174, no. 3, pp. 635–640, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  40. J. K. Anderson, W. B. Shingleton, and J. A. Cadeddu, “Imaging associated with percutaneous and intraoperative management of renal tumors,” Urologic Clinics of North America, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 339–352, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed