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Retracted

This article has been retracted as it was found to be substantially similar to a previously published article by the same authors. The first article, “Laparoscopy in the management of pediatric vesicoureteral reflux,” by Atul A. Thakre, B. Sreedhar, and C. K. Yeung was published in Indian J Urol. 2007 Oct–Dec; 23(4): 414–419, while the second article, “Technique of Intravesical Laparoscopy for Ureteric Reimplantation to Treat VUR” was published in Advances in Urology in June 2008.

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References

  1. A. A. Thakre and C. K. Yeung, “Technique of intravesical laparoscopy for ureteric reimplantation to treat VUR,” Advances in Urology, vol. 2008, Article ID 937231, 3 pages, 2008.
Advances in Urology
Volume 2008, Article ID 937231, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/937231
Methodology Report

Technique of Intravesical Laparoscopy for Ureteric Reimplantation to Treat VUR

1Minimally Invasive Pediatric Urology Centre and Children's Continence Care Centre, Sterling Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380052, India
2Department of Pediatric Surgery, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380016, India
3Division of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Received 25 March 2008; Accepted 30 June 2008

Academic Editor: Walid A. Farhat

Copyright © 2008 Atul A. Thakre and C. K. Yeung. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been estimated as 0.4 to 1.8% among the pediatric population. In children with urinary tract infection, the prevalence is typically from 30–50% with higher incidence occurring in infancy. When correction of VUR is determined to be necessary, traditionally open ureteral reimplantation by a variety of techniques has been the mainstay of treatment. This approach is justified because surgical correction affords a very high success rate of 99% in experienced hands and a low complication rate. In that context the purpose of presenting our surgical technique: laparoscopic intravesical ureteric reimplantation is to highlight the use of laparoscopy to perform ureteric reimplantation for the management of pediatric VUR.