Table 2: Oncologic outcomes of LPN versus ONU cases. CR, conventional retroperitoneal; CT, conventional transperitoneal; HAR, hand-assisted retroperitoneal; HAT, hand-assisted transperitoneal; LND, lymph node dissection; LS, laparoscopic stapling; NL, not listed; ONU, open nephroureterectomy; SD, surgeon discretion; TURUO, transurethral resection; TV, transvesical.

AuthorSurgeryNFollow up (mo)History of bladder tumor specifiedBladder cuff surgeryPath stage (Ta,Tis,T1/T2, T3,T4)Path grade (1/2/3)LNDUrothelial recurrence (%)Local recurrence (%)Port-site recurrence (%)Distal recurrence (%)Disease-specific survival (@ year)

Muntener et al. [8]CT3974YesOpen (19), LS (13), other (5)22/15/2NL8LG/31HGNo16 (41)2 (5)0 (0)7 (18)68 (5)

Schatteman et al. [9]CT/CR95/520NoOpen (55), Other (45)54/4624/28/4820% of casesNL13 (13)3 (3)16 (16)88 (2)

Rouprêt et al. [10]CT 20 69 NoOpen15/511/1512LG/8HG SD2 (10)0 (0) 0 (0)2 (10) 90 (5)
ONU26787LG/19HG4 (15)0 (0)9 (35)62 (5)

Okegawa et al. [11]CR 25 24 YesOpen14/119/142/17/6 No5 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0)2 (8) 91 (2)
ONU23291/15/74 (17)0 (0)3 (13)89 (2)

Tsujihata et al. [12]CR 25 22 NoOpen12/1315/65/15/5 No7 (28) 0 (0) 0 (0)0 (0) 64 (2)
ONU24220/11/128 (33)0 (0)2 (8)58 (2)

Manabe et al. [20]CR 58 14 ExcludedOpen28/3070/964/31/23 No19 (33) 1 (2) 1 (2)10 (17) 85 (2)
ONU1662815/87/6463 (38)2 (1)33 (20)87 (2)

Taweemonkongsap et al. [13]CR 31 26YesOpen16/15 18LG/13HG SD9 (29) 2 (6) 0 (0)3 (10)86 (2)
ONU292813/1610LG/19HG13 (45)1 (3)2 (7)93 (2)

Chung et al. [14]HAT 39 48 NoOpen18/21 1/22/16 SD17 (44) 1 (3) 0 (0)6 (15) 90 (5)
ONU366017/191/20/1513 (36)3 (8)4 (11)86 (5)

Raman et al. [15]HAT 38 32 YesOpen (30), 27/9 23LG/15HG No11 (29) 1 (3) 0 (0)2 (6)81 (5)
ONU5251TURUO (8)41/1133LG/19HG18 (35)0 (0)6 (11)77 (5)

Wolf et al. [16]HAT5325YesTURUO (23), TV (22), Open (6), LS (2)38/1518/9/26SD(55)(8)0 (0)(16)80 (3)

Cannon et al. [17]HAT3414NoOpen17/18NLNo8 (24)0 (0)0 (0)2 (6)NL

Hsueh et al. [21]HAR 66 38 NoOpen35/31 1/25/38 No13 (20) 2 (3) 0 (0)6 (9) 80 (5)
ONU775443/333/39/3419 (25)2 (3)12 (16)75 (5)

Chung et al. [18]HAR 25 32 NoOpen13/12 1/13/11 No9 (36) 3 (12) 0 (0)2 (8) 92 (3)
ONU416218/231/23/1713 (32)3 (7)5 (12)92 (3)

Nakashima et al. [19]HAR 35 23 YesOpen22 ≤ T2,13T3 17 ≤ G2,18G3 No12 (34) 1 (3) 0 (0)3 (9) 89 (2)
ONU385626 ≤ T2,11T324 ≤ G2,13G321 (55)1 (3)2 (5)91 (2)