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Advances in Urology
Volume 2010, Article ID 269254, 3 pages
Review Article

Pseudomembranous Trigonitis: A Common but Underrecognized Urological Entity

2nd Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Sismanoglio Hospital, Sismanogliou 1, 15126 Athens, Greece

Received 18 July 2010; Revised 11 September 2010; Accepted 28 October 2010

Academic Editor: Darius J. Bagli

Copyright © 2010 M. Stavropoulos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pseudomembranous trigonitis is the term used to describe squamous metaplastic changes of the bladder trigone, which affect nearly 40% of adult females. We present the characteristics of this underrecognized clinical entity and encourage further relevant research.