Advances in Urology / 2012 / Article / Fig 1

Methodology Report

Computer-Enhanced Visual Learning Method to Teach Endoscopic Correction of Vesicoureteral Reflux: An Invitation to Residency Training Programs to Utilize the CEVL Method

Figure 1

Procedure as CEVL components in a case of grade IV reflux in an infant girl. Inspect the ureteral orifice. The ureteral orifice is identified. It is patulous (blue ring) laterally positioned (not evident in this close-up view) and is almost flush with the bladder surface (as indicated by the graduated rule). It shows HD3 (not shown). In selected images which follow, this image is used as a reference for the original appearance of the orifice before reconstruction.
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