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Advances in Urology
Volume 2014, Article ID 923958, 5 pages
Clinical Study

The Role of Virtual Cystoscopy, after Multidetector Computed Tomography Imaging Reconstruction without the Use of Contrast Medium, in the Diagnosis and Evaluations of Bladder Tumors: Preliminary Study

1Department of Radiology, KAT Hospital, 2 Nikis Street, Kifisia, 14561 Athens, Greece
2Department of Urology, Athens Medical Center Hospital, Athens, Greece
3Department of Urology, AG Savvas Anticancer Hospital, Athens, Greece
4Department of Radiology, Aretaieion University Hospital, Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
5Department of Radiology, Henry Dunant Hospital, Red Cross Foundation, Athens, Greece
6Department of Radiology, AG Savvas Anticancer Hospital, Athens, Greece
7Department of Urology, Tenon University Hospital, Paris, France

Received 19 January 2014; Accepted 9 March 2014; Published 2 April 2014

Academic Editor: M. Hammad Ather

Copyright © 2014 Kyriaki Kalokairinou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Although conventional cystoscopy is considered to be the gold standard for diagnosis and follow-up of bladder tumors, it remains an invasive and costly procedure. With the advent of the multidetector CT (MDCT) scanners supported by specialized software virtual cystoscopy (VC) is possible. We assess the role of VC in diagnosing and evaluating bladder lesions. Materials and Methods. Between September 2010 and October 2011, 25 consecutive patients with cystoscopically confirmed bladder tumor underwent VC. The radiologists involved in this prospective study were blinded to the exact findings. After draining any residual urine with a catheter, the bladder was retrogradely insufflated with 200–600 cc of air. No intravenous or intravesical contrast was used. MDCT scan was performed in supine and prone positions and three-dimensional reconstruction of the urinary bladder was performed. Results. The examination was well tolerated by all patients with no complications. In total, 43 lesions were detected both with conventional cystoscopy and VC. Tumor size measured by CT ranged from 3 to 80 mm in diameter. The pathological report revealed noninvasive transitional cell carcinomas in all cases. Conclusion. VC has promising results in detecting exophytic bladder lesions. In the future it could be part of the diagnostic algorithm for bladder tumors.