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Advances in Urology
Volume 2016, Article ID 3840697, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3840697
Research Article

Ultrasound Guidance for Renal Tract Access and Dilation Reduces Radiation Exposure during Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

1Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Suite A610, P.O. Box 0330, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
2Department of Urology, Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
3Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Rama IV Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Received 29 October 2015; Revised 10 February 2016; Accepted 14 February 2016

Academic Editor: Mohammad H. Ather

Copyright © 2016 Thomas Chi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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